The DOE Gasification Systems Program is developing innovative designs and technologies for converting diverse types of solid feedstocks into clean synthesis gas to enable the low-cost production of hydrogen, transportation fuels, chemicals, electricity, and other useful products to suit market needs. Advancements in this area will help enable syngas-based technologies and energy systems to be competitive in both domestic and international markets, and spur on the use of domestic resources towards increased energy security and emissions reduction goals of the United States.
The gasification pathway enables deployment of clean hydrogen production with net-zero carbon or net-negative carbon capability in energy systems, and cost-effective decarbonization for U.S. industry. This helps to accomplish ambitious administration carbon reduction goals leading to complete decarbonization of the economy by 2050.
Gasification enables remediation of wastes (legacy waste disposal and more) to address environmental justice and job creation initiatives. Advanced co-gasification of wastes, biomass, and plastic with low-cost oxygen combine to form a viable net-zero energy system basis.
Process intensified gasification technologies with low-cost oxygen via advanced oxygen separation methods will enable lowest cost carbon capture, driving deployment and adoption of widespread carbon capture and storage as required for decarbonization.
The research and development efforts of the Gasification Systems Program apply primarily to three key technology areas, advances in which will best contribute towards increased efficiency, enable cost reductions, and support greenhouse gas reductions of modular gasification/syngas-based systems. These three technology areas are: (1) Process Intensification for Syngas & Hydrogen, (2) Air Separation Technology, and (3) Clean Hydrogen & Negative CO2 Emissions.
Research addresses control of chemical reactions in increasingly modular and intrinsically efficient reactors, allowing for smaller reactors and streamlined process systems for gasification, syngas cleanup, and syngas conversion.
Research focuses on identification of new concepts and technologies for production of oxygen for use in gasification systems.
Research concerns designs and strategies for modular gasification-based systems enabling clean hydrogen production and negative emissions of greenhouse gases to support ambitious carbon reduction of the U.S. economy.
The Gasification Systems Program pursues technology advancements in these areas through on-site work at NETL, and by external funding opportunities resulting in a suite of projects performed by industry, academia, and other National Laboratories, and overseen by NETL.
To better understand the basic concepts behind Gasification, watch this short video
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