Carbon Storage Program

About the Carbon Storage Program

Since 1997, DOE’s Carbon Storage program has significantly advanced the CCS knowledge base in selected Technology Areas through a diverse portfolio of applied research projects. The portfolio includes industry cost-shared technology development projects, university research grants, collaborative work with other national laboratories, and research conducted in-house through the National Energy Technology Laboratory’s (NETL) Research & Innovation Center. The Carbon Storage program is comprised of three primary technology areas (1) Core Storage Research and Development (R&D), (2) Storage Infrastructure, and (3) Strategic Program Support. These three areas work together to address significant technical challenges in order to meet program goals that support the scale-up and widespread deployment of CCS.

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Storage Program Fact Sheet

The Carbon Storage Program advances the development and validation of technologies that enable safe, cost-effective, permanent geologic storage of CO2. The Carbon Storage Program also supports the development of best practices for CCS that will benefit projects implementing CCS at a commercial scale, such as those being performed under the NETL’s in the Clean Coal Power Initiative and Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Programs. The technologies being developed and the small- and large-scale injection projects conducted through this program will be used to benefit the existing and future fleet of fossil fuel power-generating facilities by developing tools to increase our understanding of the behavior of CO2 in the subsurface and identifying the geologic reservoirs appropriate for CO2 storage. DOE has established the following plan to ensure that the goal of developing these technologies is met:

  • Manage Core R&D activities within specific Technology Areas where separate research pathways develop the technologies needed to support storage operations.

  • Develop infrastructure to facilitate future commercialization of CO2 storage through the RCSP Initiative and validate and field-test technologies required for all stages of onshore and offshore geologic storage operations.

  • Engage a wide variety of industry; Federal, State, and local Government agencies; academia; and environmental organizations to facilitate development and testing for carbon storage. This includes DOE’s Office of Science, which is working to develop the fundamental understanding of geological processes relevant to long-term CO2 storage.

  • Work with NETL’s Office of Program Performance and Benefits (OPPB) to determine the benefits of research and establish a systems approach to confirm that technologies are capable of meeting Carbon Storage Program goals.

Overall, the Carbon Storage program has achieved numerous accomplishments through the growth, expansion, and introduction of new concepts and opportunities as a result of an adaptive effort that incorporates novel activities to resolve issues uncovered by R&D activities and social demands. More details on programmatic accomplishments can be found in the DOE/NETL publication titled, Carbon Storage Program 2010–2011 Accomplishments, published in August 2012.

Additional information on the program’s research and development performance targets, milestones for meeting these targets, and a technology pathway to optimize R&D activities can be found in the Carbon Storage Technology Program Plan.