Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership
  • Additional information related to ongoing MRCSP efforts can be found on their website.

The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) was established to assess the technical potential, economic viability, and public acceptability of carbon storage within a region consisting of nine contiguous states: Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. A group of leading universities, state geological surveys, non-governmental organizations and private companies, led by Battelle Memorial Institute, has been assembled to carry out this research. The MRCSP currently consists of nearly 40 members; each contributing technical knowledge, expertise and cost sharing.

Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region
Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region

The knowledge gained from MRCSP's ongoing research will be of significant value to the regional economy, allowing continued production of clean, affordable energy that uses fossil fuels in a manner that emphasizes resource sustainability and climate change. The partnership's overall goals are to:

  • Bring together internationally recognized research leaders to help develop practical carbon management solutions.
  • Define the real-world potential and implementation of carbon storage in the region.
  • Help the region create a robust and cost-effective means for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
  • Validate the potential for implementation of geologic storage in the region by first conducting several small-scale CO2 injection field tests (validation phase) into selected deep geologic reservoirs to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of geologic storage systems.
  • Validate the potential for terrestrial storage in the region by conducting three small-scale terrestrial field tests to demonstrate enhanced carbon uptake and validate measurement techniques used to quantify terrestrial carbon storage.
  • Engage public and elected officials at all levels in dialogue on issues affecting implementation of storage and the potential benefits associated with geologic and terrestrial storage.
  • Link options for capture, transportation, and geologic storage within the environmental and regulatory framework.
  • Enable the region to take a leadership position in developing local and global carbon management solutions.
  Distribution of CO2 source type within the MRCSP region

Potential locations for geologic storage in the MRCSP states extend from the deep rock formations in the broad sedimentary basins and arches in the western portion of the region to the offshore continental shelf in the east. Research and testing has established many promising geologic units for CO2 storage, including deep saline rock formations, depleted oil and gas reservoirs, organic shale basins, and coalbeds. Due to its large and diverse economy, the MRCSP region includes a large variety of agricultural and industrial sources of GHGs. The MRCSP region emits more than 699 million metric tons of CO2 each year from large stationary sources, including power plants, refineries, cement plants, and iron and steel plants.

For each of the research efforts undertaken by the MRCSP, a stakeholder outreach program designed to communicate project progress to the local community, general public, and scientific community was undertaken. An outreach team including members from each host site was established to develop a site-specific strategy and outreach plan for key stages of the project. The plan involved identification of stakeholders, proactive engagement with these stakeholders, and development of informational materials.

MRCSP's research program concurrently advances economic growth and environmental protection in the Midwest Region. This goal is being accomplished by conducting a series of small-scale field tests in the locations identified during the MRCSP's Characterization Phase. Specifically, the MRCSP has demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of geologic storage by conducting three small-scale CO2 injection field tests in the region's deep geologic formations. Results from these efforts demonstrated that CO2 can be effectively stored and contained within the extensive saline formations in the region. The MRCSP also conducted four terrestrial storage field validation tests on reclaimed mineland, agricultural land, restored marshland, and restored forested wetlands. The studies documented how naturally stored carbon can be measured and monitored and how carbon credits could be traded in voluntary GHG markets. The MRCSP continues work initiated during the Characterization Phase to further map and define the storage potential of the region. MRCSP also continues their efforts to understand key regulatory issues and engages and informs stakeholders about this technology.

The primary proposed site for the MRCSP's development phase saline injection test is located on a state-owned land management area in Otsego County, Michigan, approximately 10 miles south of the successful validation phase demonstration. The development phase site lies within 1 mile of a gas processing and compression facility, which is the CO2 source for the test. The facility currently produces 600 metric tons per day of high purity CO2, which is removed from the natural gas produced from Antrim shales in the area. During the test, a total of 1 million metric tons of CO2 would be injected into the St. Peter Sandstone over a 4-year period. The St. Peter formation is second only to the Mt. Simon Sandstone as a regional resource for CO2 storage. As such, the development phase field test would better define the feasibility of CO2 storage in much of the MRCSP region.

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