Storage Infrastructure

The Storage Infrastructure Technology Area research effort is carrying out regional characterization and small- and large-scale field projects to demonstrate that different storage types in various formation classes, distributed over different geographic regions, both onshore and offshore, have the capability to permanently store CO2 and provide the basis for commercial-scale CO2 projects. Research is needed to prove adequate injectivity, available storage resource, and storage permanence across the range of formation classes and storage types. Small- and large-scale field tests are needed to validate injection, simulation/risk assessment, and monitoring strategies, as well as determine the systems best suited for the particular geologic structure, reservoir architecture, and range of properties characteristic of each geologic formation class.


The Storage Infrastructure Technology Area highlights DOE’s awareness of the importance of addressing CO2 mitigation at the regional level to most effectively manage differences in geology, climate, population density, infrastructure, and socioeconomic development. NETL’s Storage Infrastructure Technology Area is being implemented through several initiatives: 

RCSPI Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Initiative - DOE’s network of seven Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSPs) is developing the technology and infrastructure needed to implement large-scale CO2 storage in different regions and geologic formations. Read More!
Fit for Purpose Projects Fit for Purpose Projects - DOE has conducted and continues to support a number of small-scale field projects to explore and characterize CO2 storage opportunities in North America and to understand CO2 behavior and migration throughout a full spectrum of depositional environments/classes of storage formations. Read More!
Recovery Act: Site Characterization Projects Recovery Act: Site Characterization Projects - Nine projects characterized storage formations and reduced uncertainty associated with capacity resource estimates in North America. Click here for a comprehensive report on the accomplishments of the ARRA Site Characterization projects. Read More!
Recovery Act: Regional Technology Training Centers Recovery Act: Regional Technology Training Centers - CCS technologies offer great potential for reducing CO2 emissions and mitigating potential climate change. Deploying these technologies requires a significantly expanded workforce trained in the various specialties that are currently underrepresented in the United States. Read More!