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Carbon Transport & Storage Program

Program Overview:

CS Factsheet
Click icon to download Program Factsheet


Since 1997, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Carbon Storage Program has significantly advanced the carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) knowledge base and the development and validation of CCUS technologies through a diverse portfolio of applied research projects, including:

  • Industry cost-shared technology development projects.
  • University research grants and cooperative agreements.
  • Small business research grants
  • Collaborative work with other National Laboratories.
  • Research conducted in-house through the National Energy Technology Laboratory’s (NETL) Research and Innovation Center (RIC).

The program has evolved over the years to focus primarily on carbon storage with carbon capture and utilization split off into separate programs. In 2022, the storage program expanded to include carbon transport, thus creating the Carbon Transport and Storage Program. The goal of the program is to develop a carbon transport and storage industry at the scale necessary to decarbonize the economy. Critical components that will help catalyze the growth of carbon capture and storage deployment at-scale include:

  • Strategies to develop the infrastructure for reliable carbon storage
  • Research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) to improve performance
  • Educational partnerships to grow the workforce
  • Technology transfer
  • Technical assistance to stakeholders.

The program conducts RD&D under three technology areas: Carbon Storage Infrastructure, Advanced Carbon Storage, and Carbon Transport. These areas have responsibilities that, when combined, cover the overall carbon transport and storage effort. These technology areas are described below.



Program Areas:

Carbon Storage Infrastructure

The Carbon Storage Infrastructure program area carries out field projects and educational partnerships to demonstrate commercial-scale storage, test the diverse and emerging storage techniques and technologies developed under Advanced Carbon Storage RD&D, and provide technology transfer and technical assistance to large-scale projects and stakeholders.


Advanced Carbon Storage

The Advanced Carbon Storage program area focuses on the carbon dioxide-centric aspects of onshore and offshore storage, such as the development of technologies that can improve performance and reduce the cost of tools and techniques to assess wellbore integrity, increase reservoir storage efficiency, improve management of reservoir pressure, confirm permanent storage, and identify and mitigate the potential release of CO2 from all types of storage complexes. 


Carbon Transport

The Carbon Transport program area is accelerating the planning of a nationwide CO2 transport network by conducting infrastructure modeling and RD&D studies. The goal is to facilitate the equitable, efficient, and effective expansion of CCUS operations through the development of build-out timelines for the transport network.


Program Support

Strategic Program Support activities contribute to an integrated approach, helping to ensure CCUS technologies are cost-effective and commercially available.


Explore the Site

Carbon Storage Project Portfolio

Folder Icon The project portfolio provides an informative overview of the current, recently completed, and archived projects supported by the NETL Carbon Transport and Storage Program

Learn More / FAQ's

Project ButtonView the FAQ Section for more information about the role the Carbon Transport and Storage Program plays in the Carbon Capture, Utilization, and storage (CCUS) complex


InfographicsThe Infographics provide a general overview of program highlights of the Carbon Storage Program and associated projects in a shareable format.

Conference Proceedings

Events ButtonThe historical proceedings of NETL’s annual Project Review Meeting including the carbon capture, utilization, transport, storage, and oil and gas presentations.


Publications ButtonLinks to Carbon Storage Program documents, published models, maps, and reference materials.

Worldwide CCS Database

GlobeThe NETL Carbon Capture and Storage Database includes information on active, proposed, and historic CCUS projects worldwide.
NETL implements this effort as part of DOE’s Fossil Energy and Carbon Management Program.

Mark Mckoy Technology Manager
Carbon Transport and Storage Infrastructure
Mark McKoy

Technology Manager,
Advanced Carbon Transport
and Storage
William Aljoe