Since 1997, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Carbon Storage Program has significantly advanced the carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) knowledge base and the development and validation of CCUS technologies through a diverse portfolio of applied research projects, including:
The program has evolved over the years to focus primarily on carbon storage with carbon capture and utilization split off into separate programs. In 2022, the storage program expanded to include carbon transport, thus creating the Carbon Transport and Storage Program. The goal of the program is to develop a carbon transport and storage industry at the scale necessary to decarbonize the economy. Critical components that will help catalyze the growth of carbon capture and storage deployment at-scale include:
The program conducts RD&D in three areas:
Carbon Storage Infrastructure: Supports integrated field projects addressing characterization, injection and containment in storage complexes.
Advanced Carbon Storage Research and Development: Supports individual technology development projects.
Carbon Transport: Supports designs of transport networks and development of individual technology components needed to address technical challenges such as re-purposing of pipelines for CO2 transport.