Novel Silica Nanostructured Platforms with Engineered Surface Functionality and Spherical Morphology for Low-Cost High-Efficiency Carbon Capture


<strong>Top:</strong> TEM images of NSN-1 (a) and NSN-3(b) showing<br/>the nanosheet-structure of two novel materials.<br/><strong>Bottom:</strong> SEM images of materials NSN-1 and NSN-3
Top: TEM images of NSN-1 (a) and NSN-3(b) showing
the nanosheet-structure of two novel materials.
Bottom: SEM images of materials NSN-1 and NSN-3
Delaware State University
Website:  Delaware State University
Award Number:  FE0023541
Project Duration:  07/01/2014 – 09/30/2017
Total Award Value:  $234,358
DOE Share:  $234,358
Performer Share:  $0
Technology Area:  University Training and Research
Key Technology:  High Performance Materials
Location:  Dover, Delaware

Project Description

Developments in nano-engineered materials have resulted in the discovery of a number of new materials which may have beneficial applications for CO2 capture. This project aims to develop and evaluate silica-based nanostructure platforms containing amine-based solid sorbents for post-combustion carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. The fabrication process will allow for significantly enhanced porosity and surface area, which will allow for increased CO2 adsorption capacity. In addition, the use of inexpensive raw materials and low-cost synthetic processes will position these platforms as a competitive solid sorbent for replacement of solution-based amine scrubbing technologies used in post-combustion CO2 capture.

Project Benefits

Development of inexpensive CO2 adsorbents could solve issues associated with the operation of alkaline fuel cells. As well, the materials developed will remove CO2 from air in existing fossil-burning plants and could lead to the development of efficient CO2 capture technologies.

Contact Information

Federal Project Manager 
Barbara Carney:
Technology Manager 
Briggs White:
Principal Investigator 
Cheng-Yu Lai:

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