Low Temperature Process Utilizing Nano-Engineered Catalyst for Olefin Production from Coal Derived Flue Gas Email Page
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Performer:  Southern Research Institute Location:  Birmingham, Alabama
Project Duration:  04/01/2017 – 06/30/2019 Award Number:  FE0029570
Technology Area:  Carbon Use and Reuse Total Award Value:  $999,860
Key Technology:  Chemical Conversion DOE Share:  $799,442
Performer Share:  $200,418

Figure 1. Skid Assembly<br/>(MFC=multi-flow controller, GC=gas chromatograph)
Figure 1. Skid Assembly
(MFC=multi-flow controller, GC=gas chromatograph)

Project Description

Southern Research will develop a process that applies nano-engineered catalysts to produce light olefins utilizing carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal-fired flue gas. Ethane derived from natural gas will be reacted with CO2 to produce ethylene. Multiple catalysts and process conditions, designed systematically, will be tested to find the optimum conditions to achieve the maximum yield. The process and catalyst have applicability to the production of other light olefins as well. The research team will develop nano-engineered catalysts with optimum functionalities and conduct screening tests to determine the optimum catalyst composition for maximized ethylene yield from CO2 and ethane. Impacts of flue gas impurities, such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and water on the catalytic performance will be evaluated. The best-performing catalyst will be tested for long-term stability in optimized conditions in a bench-scale reactor. Catalysts will be targeted to achieve competitive product yields compared to the conventional steam cracking process. Techno-economic and life cycle analyses will be completed based on experimental results to determine the costs, CO2 utilization, and greenhouse gas reduction of the process.

Project Benefits

This process has the potential to operate at significantly lower temperatures and with a reduced amount of equipment, compared to the current commercial processes, decreasing energy requirements and capital and operating costs for the utilization of CO2 from coal-fired power plants to produce valuable chemical products.

Presentations, Papers, and Publications

Contact Information

Federal Project Manager Sai Gollakota: sai.gollakota@netl.doe.gov
Technology Manager Lynn Brickett: lynn.brickett@netl.doe.gov
Principal Investigator Amit Goyal: agoyal@southernresearch.org