North Dakota Integrated Carbon Storage Complex Feasibility Study Email Page
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Performer:  University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center (UNDEERC) Location:  Grand Forks, North Dakota
Project Duration:  06/09/2017 – 06/08/2019 Award Number:  FE0029488
Technology Area:  Storage Infrastructure Total Award Value:  $14,471,435
Key Technology:  Characterization Field Projects (Onshore & Offshore) DOE Share:  $9,430,767
Performer Share:  $5,040,668

Map of the two targeted geologic storage study areas. The wells shown penetrate the Broom Creek Formation.
Map of the two targeted geologic storage study areas. The wells shown penetrate the Broom Creek Formation.

Project Description

The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota (UND), along with several partners—North Dakota Industrial Commission’s Lignite Research Council, Basin Electric Power Cooperative (BEPC), ALLETE Clean Energy, BNI Energy, North American Coal, Minnkota Power Cooperative (Minnkota), Schlumberger Carbon Services, Computer Modelling Group, Ltd., and Prairie Public Broadcasting—will determine the feasibility of developing a commercial-scale CO2 geologic storage complex in the Broom Creek Formation in central North Dakota. The project is part of the Storage Complex Feasibility phase of the Carbon Storage Assurance Facility Enterprise (CarbonSAFE) Initiative which aims to perform initial characterization of carbon capture and storage (CCS) complexes with potential for 50 million tonnes or more of industrial-sourced CO2, and to establish feasibility of the complexes for commercial storage. Two geologic storage complexes will be evaluated. These complexes are located adjacent to separate coal-fired facilities in North Dakota: The BEPC-owned Dakota Gasification Company and the Minnkota-owned Milton R. Young Station. These locations, one with readily available CO2, are bolstered by an existing CO2 pipeline and progressive North Dakota pore space ownership and long-term liability laws. Two new geologic characterization wells will be permitted and drilled. Acquisition and analysis of an existing 3-D seismic survey, along with collection of new 2-D seismic data, will be used to construct geologic models. The models will serve as the foundation for simulations in order to locate the most favorable future CO2 injection well sites. A public outreach plan will be refined and implemented, and an assessment conducted of the regulatory and permitting requirements. A detailed development plan will be completed.

Project Benefits

This project will establish the feasibility of a 50 million tonnes or greater commercial-scale CO2 geologic storage complex within the Broom Creek Formation in proximity to carbon dioxide sources. The data and modeling work will be used to validate the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP) Toolkit, which is being developed to better understand the risks of CCS at commercial scale. This project will support DOE’s Carbon Storage Program goals to develop technologies to ensure 99 percent storage permanence, with the ability to predict storage capacity to within ±30 percent. The effort will also support the Carbon Storage Program mission to develop and advance CCS technologies for widespread commercial deployment in the 2025-2035 timeframe that will ensure safe, secure, efficient, and cost-effective CO2 containment in diverse geologic formations.

Presentations, Papers, and Publications

Contact Information

Federal Project Manager William O'Dowd:
Technology Manager Traci Rodosta:
Principal Investigator Wesley Peck: