2015 Coal & Coal Biomass to Liquids Project Portfolio
The Coal and Coal-Biomass-to-Liquids (C&CBTL) Technology Area R&D effort is focused on technologies to foster the commercial adoption of coal and coal-biomass gasification and the production of affordable liquid fuels and hydrogen in an environmentally acceptable manner.

C&CBTL Project Portfolio
The C&CBTL Project Portfolio provides an overview of the C&CBTL Program, including a description of key technology areas, information on projects, location map, and contact information for personnel supporting the C&CBTL Program.

  • C&CBTL Program Contacts
  • C&CBTL Projects
  • C&CBTL Program
    The C&CBTL research and development (R&D) approach is organized in four key areas: 1. Biomass Feed and Gasification; 2. Reactor Engineering Design; 3. Advanced Fuels Synthesis; 4. Site Specific Coal Conversion.
    • Biomass Feed and Gasification R&D Area - is advancing scientific knowledge of the feeding and conversion of biomass and coal-biomass mixtures as essential upstream steps for production of liquid transportation fuels with a lower net GHG emissions than conventional oil refining. Activities support research for handling and processing of coal-biomass mixtures, ensuring those mixtures are compatible with feed delivery systems, identifying potential impacts on downstream components, and conversion optimization; on biomass ash catalytic properties; and on biomass conversion in separate reactors, from feed processing to downstream merging with coal process streams. New work in this area will be tailored to biomass types and processes under serious consideration for use in pilot plants to be developed in the new Radically Engineered Modular Systems (REMS) initiative under the Gasification Systems and C&CBTL Programs.
      - Biomass Feed and Gasification Project Information
    • Reactor Engineering Design R&D Area – will focus on control of chemical reactions with unprecedented precision in increasingly modular and efficient reactors, allowing for smaller reactors and streamlined processes that will convert coal into valuable products at low cost and with high energy efficiency. Here, the specific emphasis will be reactors enabling conversion of coal-biomass to liquid fuels, Novel reactors, advanced manufacturing, etc. will be innovatively utilized in new C&CBTL processes and plants, especially in gasifiers specifically and primarily designed for liquid fuels production, or in direct coal to liquid fuels conversion technologies.
    • Advanced Fuels Synthesis R&D Area - Focuses on catalyst and reactor optimization for producing liquid hydrocarbon fuels and valuable by-products from coal/coal-biomass mixtures. The current focus is on making significant improvements in fuels synthesis product distribution, i.e., by developing catalysts that are not bound by the Anderson-Shultz-Flory distributions characteristic of conventional silica-, alumina- or zeolite-supported iron or cobalt Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) synthesis catalysts. Future work in this area may include direct coal conversion to higher value products such as aromatics needed for high altitude jet fuel, and solid carbon product by-products.
      - Advanced Fuels Synthesis Project Information
    • Site Specific Coal Conversion R&D Area - will include less mature R&D and case-specific engineering and construction and balance of plant R&D to most effectively deploy advanced C&CBTL systems in a certain location, with a certain feed, infrastructure, and environment for fuels production. Essentially, work in this area will be a bridge between a systems or process design for a particular application of coal-biomass to liquids, and a specific pilot-scale site chosen. It is the aim for pilot plants to replicate as much as reasonable the actual conditions of a specific deployment plan, including balance of plant, natural resource availability, workforce sophistication, environmental stresses, opportunity fuels, opportunity by-product creation, and product markets and transportation. For instance, if a process solution is designed to create a synthetic crude oil but a set of refined products is more marketable in the selected site location, work under this Key Area would select the next best solution to create refined products, or initiate R&D to improve upon these systems.
  • 2014 Technology Readiness Assessment - Comprehensive (January 2015)
  • 2014 Technology Readiness Assessment - Overview (January 2015)

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