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NGR
The world’s largest operating post-combustion carbon dioxide (CO2) capture system Petra Nova celebrates its third anniversary Jan. 10, 2020. The project, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy and administered by NETL, is demonstrating how carbon capture, utilization, and storage technologies can economically support the flexibility and sustainability of fossil fuels at commercial scale. Owned and operated by NRG Energy Inc. and JX Nippon Oil and Gas Exploration Corporation, Petra Nova is located southwest of Houston Texas and applies carbon capture technology to an existing unit at the coal-fired W.A. Parish Generating Station. Commencing operation in 2017, the Petra Nova project addresses capture and beneficial reuse of CO2 from coal-based electricity production. The project uses an advanced amine-based process to capture CO2, which is then compressed, dried, and transported for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) at the West Ranch Oil Field in Jackson County, Texas, to boost oil production.
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The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy has announced up to $15 million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development projects under the funding opportunity announcement (FOA) DE-FOA-0002186, Novel Concepts for the Utilization of Carbon Dioxide from Utility and Industrial Sources. This FOA seeks applications that propose to develop and test technologies that can utilize carbon dioxide (CO2)—from power systems or other industrial sources—as the primary feedstock to reduce emissions and create valuable products to offset the cost of capture. The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) will manage the projects, which will support DOE’s Carbon Utilization Program. The FOA focuses on three areas of interest (AOIs): AOI 1: Synthesis of Value-Added Organic Products
Carbon Capture
A first-of-its-kind suite of tools developed by NETL researchers is enabling better decision-making regarding the economic challenges of carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) and helping stakeholders to effectively evaluate the costs of implementing these technologies in electric power and industrial plants. The new tools and resources offer a step toward widespread implementation of CCUS technologies, which is an important strategy for mitigating CO2 emissions from fossil fuel-based power generation and industrial sources.
Shale
Developing technology solutions that enhance the nation’s energy foundation and protect the environment for future generations requires a comprehensive understanding of the complex behavior of natural and engineered systems, both at surface level and deep underground. NETL made significant strides in 2019 by advancing innovative earth-energy data computing tools and characterizing shale-based oil and gas operations. Enhancing Understanding of Shale Operations The Marcellus shale — a large oil and natural gas formation that encompasses 104,000 square miles across Pennsylvania, West Virginia, eastern Ohio and western New York — produces plentiful and affordable natural gas to help meet America’s growing energy needs. As the nation’s largest source of natural gas, it offers the potential to be a major long-term producer of gas and gas liquids. That’s why NETL is working to better understand the Marcellus shale and develop best practices that ensure U.S.  natural gas resources are produced in a cost-effective and environmentally responsible manner.
FOA Announcement
The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy and NETL have announced approximately $110 million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development (R&D) projects under three funding opportunity announcements (FOAs).Approximately $75M is for awards selected under two FOAs announced earlier this fiscal year; $35M is for a new FOA. These FOAs further the Administration’s commitment to strengthening coal while protecting the environment. Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) is increasingly becoming widely accepted as a viable option for fossil-based energy sources—such as coal- or gas-fired power plants and other industrial sources—to lower their carbon dioxide ( CO2) emissions.
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NETL Director Brian Anderson will discuss the Lab’s recent innovations in coal-related technologies with experts from across the country during a keynote speech Thursday, Sept. 12, at this year’s annual National Coal Council fall meeting.   The meeting gives NETL the opportunity to showcase its world-class expertise in coal technology and inform experts on current research activities and goals, as well as learn from industry presentations. Anderson’s presentation will emphasize the Lab’s commitment to advancing next-generation power plants, upgrading the existing fleet and reducing both water use and the cost of carbon capture to make coal-fueled power generation more environmentally and economically sound. One NETL advancement in the area of carbon capture includes identifying advanced membrane materials that cut carbon capture costs, which boosts the viability of the nation’s coal-fired power fleet to meet America’s growing energy needs. Another NETL-led project is assessing water treatment technologies that produce fresh water from brine used in energy operations, which facilitates water reuse to increase efficiency and reduce consumption.
NCCC
As NETL prepares for its inaugural Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage, and Oil and Gas Technologies Integrated Project Review Meeting, “Addressing the Nation’s Energy Needs Through Technology Innovation,” the Lab is releasing three additional infographics to highlight the success of NETL-managed carbon capture research and development (R&D) projects that are reducing costs to ensure the availability of clean, reliable and affordable energy from America’s abundant domestic resources.
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The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy and NETL have selected six projects to receive approximately $14.7 million in federal funding for Phase II of funding opportunity announcement (FOA), Fossil Fuel Large-Scale Pilots. DOE has supported a range of potentially transformational coal technologies aimed at enabling step-change improvements in coal-powered systems. Some of these technologies are now ready to proceed to the large-scale pilot stage of development. The technologies selected for Phase II are similar to or are components of the Coal FIRST Initiative. These technologies could support future design and construction of the next generation of coal fired power plants that are flexible, resilient, economical, and emit near zero emissions, including carbon dioxide. “Coal-fired plants provide a significant source of electrical power in the United States,” said Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Steven Winberg. “This R&D will enable the United States to have a high-efficiency, low-emissions coal fleet that will continue to provide stability to the power grid.”
Carbon Capture Event
NETL will host its first comprehensive annual project review meeting to showcase cutting-edge research under four Office of Fossil Energy research programs aimed at developing novel technological solutions to America’s energy challenges during a weeklong session Aug. 26-30 in Pittsburgh. The inaugural Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage, and Oil and Gas Technologies Integrated Project Review Meeting, “Addressing the Nation’s Energy Needs Through Technology Innovation,” will be held at the David L. Lawrence Convention Center. All interested parties are welcome to participate; registration is required.
Infograpic
NETL manages a vast portfolio of carbon capture research and development (R&D) projects that are successfully reducing costs to ensure the availability of clean, reliable and affordable energy from America’s abundant domestic resources. In 2007, the Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency found that current and projected atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, threaten the public health and welfare of current and future generations.  Carbon capture technologies reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere by capturing carbon dioxide from fossil energy-fueled power plants; however, existing technologies add additional costs for industry and consumers. NETL is leveraging cutting-edge research facilities, world-class technical expertise and strategic collaborations to develop efficient and economical solutions that make carbon capture technology viable for decades to come.