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PRM
Emerging technologies to extract resources from offshore reservoirs and other challenging environments, advances in the development of corrosion-resistant well components and new techniques for pipeline monitoring will be among the topics presented Oct. 26-28 at the 2020 Virtual Integrated Project Review Meeting hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and NETL. Top researchers from DOE, NETL, other national laboratories, universities and industries will provide updates on their projects designed to extract fossil energy resources from the subsurface and transport oil and gas in an environmentally responsible manner. The week begins with an emphasis on offshore exploration. Topics to be reviewed include innovations being made to improve the reliability of well cement for extreme conditions and the use of new tools to simulate subsurface environments and enhance the understanding of meteorological and oceanographic conditions.
Carbon X
NETL and members of the nation’s energy and manufacturing industries came together Oct. 21 to commence the long-awaited Department of Energy (DOE) InnovationXLab CarbonX Summit, sharing ideas and pitching novel solutions to new challenges facing the power generation sector and economy as a whole. The central theme of this CarbonX Summit was societal use and reuse of carbon spanning from the production of energy to reduction of emissions to manufacturing of commercial goods. The entirely virtual CarbonX Summit showcased DOE technologies and the national laboratories’ capabilities at the heart of the domestic energy economy, from production to utilization to reuse. With panels including representatives of major industry players such as Chevron, Dow Chemical, Air Products and General Electric, as well as presentations from speakers including DOE Deputy Secretary of Energy Mark W. Menezes and DOE Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Steven Winberg, day one of the summit united NETL scientists and technical leaders with industry and other DOE national laboratories.
MiKyung Kang
Since joining NETL last year, computer scientist MiKyung Kang, Ph.D., has supported the Lab’s high-performance computing (HPC) environment across all three of its research facilities, empowering the Lab to continue finding new ways to fuel the nation using the abundant supply of fossil fuels in a sustainable manner. Kang grew up on South Korea’s Jeju Island, one of the world’s New 7 Wonders of Nature and well known for its beautiful sand beaches and volcanic landscape of craters and cave-like lava tubes. She earned her B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in computer science and statistics from Jeju National University, inspired by the rapid changes in technology she saw growing up. New Tech, New Possibilities
RFI
Today, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy, in collaboration with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the Office of Science and NETL announced a request for information (RFI) about “enhanced weathering” research opportunities that could lead to advances in the capture and storage of carbon dioxide (CO2). Weathering is nature’s process in which rocks are broken down and dissolved over time. The natural breakdown process releases calcium, which can bind to CO2 and remove it from the atmosphere.  Enhanced weathering uses technology or modified land-use approaches to accelerate the decomposition of calcium- and magnesium-rich silicate rocks and increase the rate of CO2 removal from the atmosphere.  It is, in effect, a technology with negative CO2 emissions.  In addition to its CO2 removal benefits, enhanced weathering can improve soil quality and fertility.
eXtremeMat
Representatives from alloy producers, original equipment manufacturers, end users and other industrial stakeholders will join NETL and other national laboratories to review research plans and progress during the virtual 2020 eXtremeMAT Industrial Stakeholder Meeting on Thursday, Oct. 15, 2020. Fossil energy transformational power technologies like ultra-supercritical steam plants and supercritical carbon-dioxide power systems have the potential to increase efficiencies and bolster clean coal efforts because they operate at higher temperatures and pressures. However, these technologies are subject to “extreme” operating environments – harsher and more corrosive conditions compared to those found in traditional power plants. Furthermore, today’s current fleet of fossil power plants are increasingly being subjected to cycling conditions due to the penetration of renewable energy sources into the electricity grid. Accelerating the development of improved steels, superalloys and other advanced alloys is of paramount importance in deploying materials solutions to address materials challenges associated with both the existing fleet and future power systems.
OCT 19
Game-changing technologies to use coal as a feedstock to manufacture high-value products and research that’s  transforming carbon dioxide (CO2) from a greenhouse gas into helpful chemical building blocks for industry will be discussed at next week’s DOE-NETL 2020 Virtual Integrated Project Review Meeting. Two days are dedicated to exploring the revolution that’s underway to develop new uses for coal. Scientists and engineers are opening doors to use coal, coal byproducts and coal waste to manufacture a variety of products. Someday soon, the roof above your head could be made of a coal composite. Down the road, carbon fiber and graphene manufactured from coal feedstock will be used to make stronger, lighter vehicles and more durable roads or manufacture superior materials for computer components.
Justin Webber
Since beginning his federal service at NETL 11 years ago, Justin Weber has worked on projects that span both the computational and experimental research domains, with the study of multiphase flow as the thread that ties them all together. “Multiphase flows are observable throughout advanced energy systems,” Weber said. “Anywhere you have solids, liquids or gases interacting with each other, you will have a multiphase flow. Understanding this flow is key to designing and optimizing next generation power generation technologies.” After receiving his bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from Pennsylvania State University in 2009, Weber joined an NETL team assembled to work on just such a technology. He and his colleagues began work on designing a 50kWth pilot-scale chemical looping reactor (CLR) — a cutting-edge energy system that involves the combustion of fossil fuels with an oxygen carrier, rather than air, to create an opportunity to simplify carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in power plant applications.
RWFI
NETL’s Regional Workforce Initiative (RWFI), the Tri State Energy and Advanced Manufacturing (TEAM) Consortium and leadership from the Tri State Shale Coalition will explore what the future holds for workforce training during a special webinar from 1 to 3 p.m. Tuesday, Oct. 20. This event will feature a multi-panel online discussion on workforce issues related to energy and advanced manufacturing activities and programs, including discussions on strategy and activities in response to the global COVID-19 pandemic with respect to job recovery. “With the pandemic causing major economic disruptions in multiple sectors, we witnessed immense change throughout 2020 as industries adapted in response to the crisis,” said NETL’s RWFI Federal Coordinator Anthony Armaly. “We now have a chance to build upon lessons learned and share the latest in workforce training and best practices. We’re pleased TEAM and the Tri State Shale Coalition are joining NETL to host what promises to be a productive and engaging webinar as we work to support a key pillar of American prosperity.”
MFiX
In an effort that could lead to accelerated design and deployment of advanced energy systems, NETL researchers have added a valuable new capability to the Lab’s world-renowned Multiphase Flow with Interphase eXchanges (MFiX) modeling software suite. Rather than modeling particles as spheres, as is the case with most discrete element modeling (DEM) techniques, NETL researchers have developed and validated an algorithm to simulate non-spherical shapes that better approximates real-world particles, significantly increasing modeling accuracy. Real-life granular materials such as coal and biomass are non-spherical in nature. However, researchers have long used simple spheres in DEM simulations to represent various interacting particles found in multiphase flow systems like fluidized beds, gasifiers and chemical looping reactors. While this technique is computationally efficient and allows for the simulation of hundreds of millions of particles necessary to model industrial-scale systems, it fails to adequately account for the gas-solid interaction in the reactor. 
Southern Company photo
Photo Credit: Southern Company Photo The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) and NETL have renewed an agreement with Southern Company to operate the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC), setting the stage for expansion at the DOE-sponsored facility into new areas of research to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel-based power plants, and to advance carbon dioxide (CO2) utilization and direct air capture (DAC) solutions.