Biomass Feed and Gasification

The Biomass Feed and Gasification Key Technology will advance scientific knowledge of the feeding and conversion of biomass and coal-biomass mixtures as essential upstream steps for production of liquid transportation fuels with a lower net GHG emissions than conventional oil refining. Activities support research for handling and processing of coal-biomass mixtures, ensuring those mixtures are compatible with feed delivery systems, identifying potential impacts on downstream components, and conversion optimization; on biomass ash catalytic properties; and on biomass conversion in separate reactors, from feed processing to downstream merging with coal process streams. New work in this area will be tailored to biomass types and processes under serious consideration for use in pilot plants to be developed in the new Radically Engineered Modular Systems (REMS) initiative under the Gasification Systems and C&CBTL Programs.

Active projects within the program portfolio include the following:

Feasibility of Coal-to-liquids (CTL) Major Demonstration

Princeton University recently completed a study to determine the feasibility of a coal-to-liquids (CTL) facility to produce jet fuel. See Recently Completed Projects section below for more information.

    Coal-biomass gasification

    Gas Technology Institute has further developed an advanced pilot-scale gasifier for use in a first-of-a-kind, commercially relevant demonstration plant. Research has been conducted on advanced water-gas shift processes and catalysts for testing at pilot-plant scale, to reduce the cost of high-hydrogen syngas production.

    Systems and Industry Analysis
    As part of the support for the Coal and Coal-Biomass to Liquids key technology area, systems studies are being conducted to provide unbiased comparisons of competing technologies, determine the best way to integrate process technology steps, and predict the economic and environmental impacts of successful development.

    Recently Completed Projects:

    The other key technologies within Coal and Coal-Biomass to Liquids: