High Performance Materials Research Areas

hpm-research-focus-area.pngThe Computational Materials Design and Performance Prediction focus area is to develop and demonstrate a predictive computational framework that will accelerate the design, development, and optimization of efficient, cost-effective functional materials.

The Structural Materials focus area is to develop advanced structural materials that are needed for the harsh operating environments of advanced FE power generation technologies.

Functional Materials research is focused on developing new HPMs that fulfill specific requirements for advanced power-plant applications including processing and fabrication methods.

The objective of Advanced Manufacturing for high-performance structural and functional materials is to advance technologies to fabricate, assemble, and join components from HPMs for advanced FE power generation technologies.

Computational Material Design

Provide computational materials modeling to enable rapid design and simulation of new and novel alloys. Provide validated computational models capable of simulating and predicting long-term performance of materials.

Structural Material Research

Provide advanced materials that enable deployment of transformational technologies that are capable of operating in the harsh environments associated with these new technologies. Improve the overall performance of alloys through an understanding of the relationships among composition, microstructure, & properties. Develop the design, application, and performance criteria for coatings intended to protect base materials from the high-temperature corrosive environments.

Functional Material Research

Provide advanced functional materials that enable deployment of transformational technologies that are capable of operating in the harsh environments associated with these new technologies. - e.g. Refractory, sorbents, Chemical Looping oxygen carriers, and high temperature thermoelectrics.

Advanced Manufacturing Technologies

Provide advanced manufacturing technologies to fabricate and assemble components using the techniques and materials developed for transformational technologies. Demonstrate fabrication, workability, and joining of advanced components.

Benefit Analyses
The Program is focused on the key benefit of increases in process efficiency and performance, reduction of environmental risk, and opportunities to lower cost with the introduction of new technologies improved efficiency, increased availability, improved systems performance, and advanced systems modeling.

High-Performance Materials Summary Level Benefits

  • New novel materials can allow for increased temperature and pressure, resulting in advanced ultrasupercritical power plant efficiencies of 45–47%, and CO2 emissions reduction of 15 to 20%
  • Availability of advanced materials could support the export of $21 billion in A-USC equipment worldwide, resulting in over 20,000 job-years and over $14 billion in income in the U.S. from 2025-2035 (2010 dollars)
  • Materials technologies that allow use of advanced steam cycles in coal-based power plants operating at steam conditions of up to 760 °C (1400 °F) and 5,000 psi
  • Enable oxygen fired A-USC plant would lower balance of plant cost due to less coal handling and smaller pollution control components for the same net plant output

Note: Analysis based on 2011 coal costs and 2011 coal-fired power plant fleet
Source: Krulla, K., Withum, J., Myles, P., Herron, P., Court, C. Unpublished. “Opportunity for Existing U.S. Coal-Fired Generating Units to Refurbish Boiler Tubes with Advanced Materials.” Poster Presentation prepared for National Energy Technology Laboratory.