International Demonstrations

DOE is partnering with many international organizations that are advancing carbon storage research at projects located throughout the world. These collaborative learning opportunities will help to advance carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies at a lower cost and on a shorter timeframe. The benefits of U.S. scientists’ participation range from opportunities to field test innovative technologies at commercial- and large-scale CCS operations around the world to providing U.S. expertise on multinational CCS investigative R&D teams. Supporting these projects directly enhances U.S. efforts to develop technologies and tools to meet the strategic goals of the Carbon Storage Program's Core R&D Element. The figure below displays the location of each DOE-supported international demonstration project.

DOE-supported international CO2 injection projects (click to enlarge)

In addition, these collaborations provide a means to encourage the transfer of technical lessons learned between industry and academia to facilitate the adoption of these technologies in the field. It will train personnel in the United States and abroad for future careers in the CCS industry. The table below details DOE-supported international CCS projects. 

# Project Location Operations Reservoir Type Operator/Partner DOE Contribution
1 North America, Canada, Saskatchewan

2.8 million metric tons CO2/year Commercial in 2000 Oilfield Carbonate EOR Cenovus, Apache, Petroleum Technology Research Center DOE is a lead sponsor of the IEAGHG research project and U.S. scientists test multiple monitoring and simulation technologies.
2 North America, Canada, Alberta

Zama Oilfield
360,647 tons of CO2 injected during Phase III and 29,966 tons of CO2
injected during Phase II
Oilfield Carbonate EOR Apache (RCSP) Supporting the PCOR partnership to conduct monitoring and reservoir modeling of CO2 injection into pinnacle reefs.
3 North America, Canada, British Columbia

Fort Nelson
Anticipated injection of >1 million metric tons CO2/year 1.8 million metric tons acid gas/year Large-scale demonstration Saline Carbonate Formation Spectra Energy (RCSP) Supporting the PCOR partnership to conduct monitoring and reservoir modeling studies.
Europe, North Sea, Norway

1 million metric tons CO2/year Commercial in 1996 Saline Marine Sandstone StatoilHydro Supporting Indiana University for reservoir modelling and the Scripps Institute of Oceanography for past time-lapse gravity surveys.
5 Europe, North Sea, Norway

Snøhvit CO2 Storage
700,000 metric tons CO2/year Commercial in 2008 Saline Marine Sandstone StatoilHydro Supporting the LLNL to simulate geo-mechanical conditions of the reservoir and caprock.
6 Europe, Germany

CO2SINK, Ketzin
6000 metric tons CO2 Demonstration 2008 Saline Sandstone GeoForschungsZentrum, Potsdam Supporting LBNL to deploy downhole monitoring technology based on seismic and thermal perturbation sensors.
7 Europe, Iceland

CO2 stream from Hellisheidi geothermal power plant Saline Basalt Reykjavik Energy Supporting Columbia University Lamont-Doherty Earth Observation to test tracer methods to assess trapping mechanisms in basalt formations.
8 Africa, Algeria

In Salah Gas
1 million metric tons CO2/year Commercial in 2004 Gasfield Sandstone BP, Sonatrach, StatoilHydro Supporting LLNL and LBNL to test field and remote sensing monitoring technologies and modeling geomechanical and geochemical reservoir processes.
9 Australia, Victoria

Otway Basin
65,000 metric tons CO2 Stage I 2008, Stage II 2011, Gasfield and Saline Sandstone CO2CRC Supporting scientists at LBNL to test multiple monitoring technologies at depleted gasfield and saline formations.
10 Asia, China

Ordos Basin
100,000 metric tons CO2/year Ordos Basin Shenhua Coal Supporting West Virginia University and LLNL to assess capacity for storage, and simulating hydrogeologic and geochemical reservoir conditions.
11 North America, Saskatchewan, Canada

2,000 metric tons CO2/day Initiated in 2012 Saline Sandstones Petroleum Technology Research Centre Supporting LBNL in performing seismic testing and distributed acoustic sensor monitoring, as well as the PCOR partnership performing reservoir modeling and simulation.