International Demonstrations

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is partnering with many international organizations that are advancing carbon storage research at projects located throughout the world. The benefits of U.S. scientists’ participation range from opportunities to field test innovative technologies at large-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) operations around the world to providing U.S. expertise on multinational CCS investigative research and development (R&D) teams. Supporting these projects directly enhances U.S. efforts to develop technologies and tools to meet the strategic goals of the Carbon Storage Program's Advanced Storage R&D Technology Area. The figure below displays the location of each DOE-supported international demonstration project.

In addition, these collaborations provide a means to encourage the transfer of technical lessons learned between industry and academia to facilitate the adoption of these technologies in the field. The table below details DOE-supported international CCS projects. 

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Active DOE Support 
# Project Location
Name / Dates
Operator / Partner Research Setting DOE Contribution
1 North America, Canada, Saskatchewan
Aquistore / 2013-2018
Petroleum Technology Research Centre
Saline Fluvial Sandstone
Supporting seismic testing and distributed acoustic sensor (DAS) monitoring, as well as reservoir modeling and simulation.
2 North America, Canada, Alberta
CMC CaMI Field Research Station / 2015+
CMC Containment & Monitoring Institute
Saline Shallow Marine Sandstone
Supporting borehole monitoring technology testing (e.g., electromagnetic, DAS, crosswell).
3 North America, Canada, Alberta
Quest / 2016+
Shell Canada, Chevron Canada, Marathon Oil Sands
Saline Fluvial Sandstone
Supporting field testing and validation of advanced monitoring, verification, accounting (MVA), and assessment technologies.
4
North America, Canada, B.C.
Cascadia / 2017-2018
University of Victoria Cascadia Subduction Zone Supporting long-term monitoring test of new technology–discrete fiber optic accelerometer sensors cemented in a 1,500-foot borehole–for detection of weak microseismic tremors.
5 Europe, Switzerland
Mont Terri / 2015-2018
Swisstopo – Swiss Geological Survey Clay-Rich Fault Zone Modelling of small-scale fluid injections to understand fault zone frictional properties, stress changes, fault movement, and induced seismicity.
6 Europe, Spain, Burgos
Hontomin / 2017+
Enabling Onshore CO2 Storage in Europe (ENOS) Saline Carbonate Supporting characterization and modeling of storage site.
7 Australia, Victoria
Otway Basin /
Stage I: 2008
Stage II: 2011
Stage III: 2017
CO2CRC Gas-Charged Saline Sandstone Supported scientists to test multiple monitoring technologies at depleted gas field and saline formations.
8 Asia, Japan
Tomakomai / 2016-2018
Japan CCS Co. Ltd. Saline Marine Sandstone Supporting ultra-high-resolution marine seismic acquired by the Bureau of Economic Geology of Austin, Texas.
Past DOE Support 
# Project Location
Name / Dates

Operator / Partner
Research Setting
DOE Contribution
9 North America, Canada, Saskatchewan
Weyburn-Midale / Commercial 2000
Cenovus, Apache, Petroleum Technology Research Centre Carbonate Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) DOE was a lead sponsor of the International Energy Agency Greenhouse Gas R&D Program (IEAGHG) research project and U.S. scientists tested multiple monitoring and simulation technologies.
10 North America, Canada, Alberta
Zama Oilfield / 2005-2009
Apache (via Plains CO2 Reduction [PCOR] Partnership) Carbonate EOR Supported the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSPs) to conduct monitoring and reservoir modeling of CO2 injection into pinnacle reefs.
11 Europe, North Sea, Norway
Sleipner / Commercial 1996
StatoilHydro
Saline Marine Sandstone
Supported reservoir modeling and time-lapse gravity surveys.
12 Europe, North Sea, Norway
Snøhvit / Commercial 2008
StatoilHydro
Saline Marine Sandstone
Supported analyses to simulate geo-mechanical conditions of the reservoir and caprock.
13 Europe, Germany
CO2SINK, Ketzin / Demonstration 2008
GeoForschungsZentrum, Potsdam
Saline Sandstone
Supported deployment of downhole monitoring technology based on seismic and thermal perturbation sensors and electromagnetic monitoring.
14 Europe, Iceland
CarbFix / 2012-2014
Reykjavik Energy
Saline Basalt
Supported the testing of tracer methods to assess trapping mechanisms in basalt formations.
15 Africa, Algeria
In Salah
Commercial 2004 / Injection completed
BP, Sonatrach, StatoilHydro
Saline Sandstone down the flank from a gas field
Supported testing of field and remote sensing monitoring technologies and modeling geomechanical and geochemical reservoir processes.
16 Asia, China
Ordos Basin / 2011-2014
Shenhua Coal Saline Sandstone & Carbonate Supported assessment of capacity for storage, and simulation of hydrogeologic and geochemical reservoir conditions.

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