Permanence and Safety of CCS

How is the Federal Government supporting the deployment of CCS technologies?

Report of the Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched its Carbon Capture and Storage Program in 1997. Consistent with Administration and Congressional priorities, CCS continues to be a key element of DOE’s R&D portfolio. Implemented by the National Energy Technology Laboratory within DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy (FE), the program is playing a lead role in CCS technology development and has made significant advances in the development of a broad range of effective and economically viable technologies. The overall objective of the Carbon Storage Program is to develop and advance CCS technologies that will be ready for widespread commercial deployment by 2030.

To accomplish widespread deployment, the program is developing and field testing technologies that: (1) can be used by operators to ensure 99 percent storage permanence; (2) improve reservoir storage efficiency while ensuring containment effectiveness; and (3) support industry’s ability to predict CO2 storage capacity in geologic formations to within ±30 percent. Lessons learned from developing and field testing these technologies are documented in a series of Best Practice Manuals (BPMs) including monitoring, verification, accounting (MVA), and assessment; site screening, selection, and initial characterization; public outreach; well management activities; and risk analysis and simulation. Only by developing and field testing CCS technologies will they be ready for safe, effective commercial deployment both domestically and mitigate CO2 emissions into the atmosphere.

Myth: Little is being done by the Federal government to advance CCS technologies.
Reality: DOE has had an extensive CCS research program underway for more than a decade. There is considerable cost share from private entities as well.