Advanced Storage Research and Development (R&D) focuses on the carbon dioxide (CO2)-centric aspects of onshore and offshore storage, such as the development of technologies that can improve wellbore integrity, increase reservoir storage efficiency, improve management of reservoir pressure, confirm permanent storage, and identify and mitigate the potential release of CO2 from all types of storage complex. The applied laboratory-scale and field laboratory research involved in Advanced Storage R&D focuses on developing new technologies and systems for geologic storage. The National Energy Technology Laboratory’s (NETL) Advanced Storage R&D Technology Area is comprised of the following three Technology Components:
Work conducted in the Advanced Storage R&D Technology Area is driven by technology needs determined by stakeholders. The efforts are implemented through cost-shared cooperative agreements and grants with industry and academic institutions, as well as through Strategic Research Collaboration, such as the National Laboratory Network, National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP), and the University Coalition for Fossil Energy Research (UCFER).
The Advanced Storage R&D Technology Area focuses on CO2-specific aspects of onshore and offshore storage, utilizing saline reservoirs, oil and natural gas reservoirs (including residual oil zones), unmineable coal, basalts, and organic shale in potential storage complexes.
Modeling, laboratory (including field settings as laboratory equivalent), and more advanced field studies provide improved understanding of the behavior of CO2 in the subsurface. The Advanced Storage R&D Technology Area utilizes this understanding as a basis to support research to devise and develop technologies that can improve wellbore integrity, increase reservoir storage efficiency, quantitatively assess and mitigate risks, and confirm permanent storage of CO2 through reliable, cost-effective, multilevel monitoring programs in storage complexes in diverse geologic settings.