|Numerical Studies for the Characterization of Recoverable Resources from Methane Hydrate Deposits||Last Reviewed 5/15/2012|
The objective of this project is to develop and maintain reservoir and geomechanical models that simulate the behavior of hydrate-bearing geologic systems and evaluate appropriate hydrate production strategies for both permafrost and marine environments, including thermal stimulation, depressurization, and dissociation induced and/or enhanced by inhibitors.
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 – model modifications and runs, project management
TOUGH+/HYDRATE (pT+H) is a code developed by LBNL that simulates the behavior of hydrate-bearing geologic systems. By solving coupled equations of mass and heat balance, pT+H can model the non-isothermal gas release, phase behavior, and flow of fluids and heat under conditions typical of common natural methane (CH4)-hydrate-bearing deposits in complex formations. TOUGH+/HYDRATE includes both an equilibrium and kinetic model of hydrate formation and dissociation. The model accounts for heat and up to four mass components, i.e., water, CH4, hydrate, and water-soluble inhibitors such as salts or alcohols portioned among four possible phases (gas phase, liquid phase, ice phase, and hydrate phase) and up to five components (heat, hydrate, water, CH4, and water-soluble inhibitors). Hydrate dissociation or formation, phase changes, and the corresponding thermal effects are fully described, as are the effects of inhibitors. The model can describe all possible hydrate dissociation mechanisms, i.e., depressurization, thermal stimulation, salting-out effects, and inhibitor-induced effects. Under this project, LBNL is developing and maintaining pT+H as well as actively using the program in studies to predict the behavior of hydrates and hydrate-bearing geologic systems in the laboratory or field, and from the pore to regional scale.
TOUGH+/Hydrate is designed exclusively to model hydrate reservoir behavior and production potential. This allows users to more accurately predict the behavior of hydrates and hydrate-bearing geologic systems in the laboratory or field, and from the pore to regional scale. The model simulates both kinetic and equilibrium hydrate formation and dissociation and uses state-of-the-art underlying principles, physics, and thermodynamics.
This model will allow commercial operators to assess, identify, and predict reservoir performance/production for various prospects and provide data for detailed economic assessment of potential plays. The model will also help operators identify uncertainties and risks for a particular prospect or project.
TOUGH+/Hydrate is available from LBNL[external site] for commercial and non-commercial users. Non-commercial licenses are available at reduced cost to academic and research institutions, and free of charge for use on U.S. Government-sponsored research projects. Details on licensing and associated licensing costs can be found at the TOUGH+ licensing site [external]. For more information on TOUGH+/Hydrate or the freeware version, HydrateResSim please see the ?Additional Information? section below.
|Predictions of long-term production for the JAPEX/JNOC/GSC et al. Mallik 5L-38 gas hydrate production research well (from Moridis et al. March 2005)|
Current Status (May 2012)
Activity under the this FWP is complete. Documentation of the results of the effort can be found in the many papers published on project results which are cited in the Methane Hydrate Program Projects Reports Bibliography. New work in this research area at LBNL is now ongoing under ESD12-010.
Project Start: June 30, 2000
Project End: December 31, 2012
Project Cost Information:
DOE Contribution - $2,718,000 ; Recipient Contribution - $0
NETL – Richard Baker (Richard.Baker@netl.doe.gov or 304-285-4714)
LBNL – George Moridis (firstname.lastname@example.org or 510-486-4746)
If you are unable to reach the above personnel, please contact the content manager.
In addition to the information provided here, a full listing of project related publications and presentations as well as a listing of funded students can be found in the Methane Hydrate Program Bibliography [PDF].
Additional LBNL hydrate-related publications can also be found on the LBNL Gas Hydrate Publications webpage.
FY2009 Year-end Report [PDF-271KB] - Report for the period November 1, 2008 - December 31, 2010
Large-Scale Simulation of Oceanic Gas Hydrate Dissociation in Response to Climate Change [PDF-355KB] Matthew T. Reagan, George J. Moridis, and Keni Zhang. Presented at the LBNL TOUGH Symposium, Sept 14-16, 2009.
Evaluation of the Gas Production Potential of Challenging Hydrate Deposits [PDF-541KB] George J. Moridis, Matthew T. Reagan, Katie L. Boyle, and Keni Zhang. Presented at the LBNL TOUGH Symposium, Sept 14-16, 2009.
2009 Progress Report through September, 2009 [PDF-260KB]
2008 Hydrate Peer Review [PDF-4.47MB]
SPE Article - February 2008 [PDF-4.0MB] This article, entitled "Toward Production From Gas Hydrates: Current Status, Assessment of Resources, and Simulation-Based Evaluation of Technology and Potential", was presented at the Unconventional Reservoirs Conference in February, 2008
Project Report August 2006: Gas Production Potential of Disperse Low-Saturation Hydrate Accumulations in Oceanic Sediments [PDF-1.05MB]
Licensing information for TOUGH+/HYDRATE and PetraSim, a pre/post processor for use with the model.
Freeware version of TOUGH+/Hydrate, called HydrateResSim and the associated User’s Manual
Topical Report - Numerical Studies of Gas Production from Several CH4-Hydrate Zones at the Mallik Site [PDF-185KB]