2010 Worldwide Gasification Database
Current Syngas Capacity by Region
Syngas Capacity by Region
Summary: China, with its substantial growth in recent years, has become the dominant syngas-producing country in the world. China now has 56 operating gasification plants with about 29% of the worldwide capacity and has surpassed South Africa's Sasol, which accounts for 20% of world gasification capacity.
The 2010 Worldwide Gasification database shows that existing world gasification capacity has grown to 70,817 MWth of syngas output from 144 operating plants and 412 gasifiers. Gasification plants are now operating in 29 countries. Based on current operating plants, Asia/Australia is now the leading region in the world, followed by Africa/Middle East. The European region – including both Western and Eastern Europe (former Soviet Bloc countries) – is the third largest, followed by North America. Central/South America has very limited existing capacity. These rankings were the same in 2007.
World Gasification Operating Capacity – by Region
As shown in the "World Gasification Operating Capacity – by Region" chart, the Asia/Australia region has a 37% share of the present world gasification capacity, with a syngas capacity of 26,418 MWth.
The Asia/Australia region is still the leading region in the world for syngas production. The large majority of the operating plants are in China (56). Multiple plants are also found in India, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan.
The Africa/Middle East region has a syngas capacity of 25,138 MWth, a 36% share of the present world gasification capacity. The new world-scale integrated Pearl gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant that has been under construction in Qatar is expected to begin the first phase of operation at the end of 2010. The plant has 18 Shell gasifiers and a syngas capacity of 10,936 MWth. South Africa’s Sasol II and Sasol III plants produce clean fuels from coal using 80 coal gasifiers. Sasol, in total, has 20% of the world capacity for syngas. In Egypt, the Suez ammonia plant with three gasifiers began operation in 1966 using refinery residues and off-gases.
The European region has a syngas capacity of 11,422 MWth, a 16% share of the world gasification capacity. With 42 operating gasification plants, the European region is the most diverse in terms of feedstocks, technologies, and products. Five of the most recently built European gasification facilities primarily use petroleum-based feedstocks to produce power, and there are three coal-based IGCC facilities. Twenty five gasification plants produce chemicals, nine from natural gas, and 15 use petroleum. Nine plants use biomass/waste feedstock, four to produce power, and five for chemical production.
North America currently has a syngas capacity of 7,191 MWth, a 10% share of the world total. Virtually all of this activity resides in the United States, where 18 gasification-based plants are operating:
- Nine natural gas facilities primarily produce chemicals.
- Five plants are fed by coal and/or petroleum coke – two produce power, two produce chemicals and fertilizers, and one produces substitute natural gas. These include: two IGCC power plants – sg Solutions' Wabash River Gasification and the Tampa Electric Polk Power Station's 250-MW IGCC unit – built during the 1990s; the Eastman Chemical's Kingsport Integrated Coal Gasification Facility, a coal-to-chemicals plant; Coffeyville Resources Nitrogen Fertilizers includes a petroleum coke gasification facility; and Dakota Gasification's Great Plains Synfuels Plant, the only plant in the world producing pipeline quality synthetic natural gas (SNG).
- Four petroleum-based liquids plants produce chemicals or syngas for resale.
- In Canada, Long Lake – an integrated oil sands operation – uses gasification to produce hydrogen, steam, and power to upgrade synthetic crude oil extracted from the tar sands.
The database results show that the Central/South American region has a syngas capacity of just 648 MWth, a 1% share of the world gasification capacity. Two petroleum-fed plants are currently operational in Brazil and the Dominican Republic, producing chemicals and gaseous fuels.
The regional distributions are further disaggregated by nation and can be seen here.