Coal and Coal/Biomass to Liquids - Advanced Fuels Synthesis
Small Scale Coal Biomass Liquids Production Using Highly Selective Fischer Tropsch Catalyst
Southern Research Institute
Project Number: FE0010231
Program Background and Project Benefits
The Department of Energy (DOE) is committed to supporting research focused on making use of the nation's coal and biomass resources. The Coal and Coal Biomass to Liquids (C&CBTL) Technology Program at DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is developing advanced technologies to remove technical barriers that will foster the commercial adoption of coal and coal/biomass gasification technologies for the production of affordable hydrogen and liquid fuels (such as gasoline, diesel, aviation, and military fuels). The hydrogen can be used in advanced systems for efficient power generation produced with near-zero emissions and with the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The synthesis gas (syngas) produced by the gasification of coal and coal/biomass mixtures can be converted by chemical processes to generate clean liquid hydrocarbon fuels. To successfully complete the development of C&CBTL technologies from the present state to the point of commercial readiness, the C&CBTL Program efforts are focused on two Key Technologies: (1) Coal/Biomass Feed and Gasification, and (2) Advanced Fuels Synthesis.
The Coal/Biomass Feed and Gasification Key Technology is advancing scientific knowledge of the production of liquid hydrocarbon fuels from coal and/or coal-biomass mixtures. Activities support research for handling and processing of coal/biomass mixtures, ensuring those mixtures are compatible with feed delivery systems, identifying potential impacts on downstream components, catalyst and reactor optimization, and characterizing the range of products and product quality.
The Southern Research Institute is conducting research to demonstrate novel transportation-fuel selective Fischer-Tropsch catalysts for the economical, environmentally sustainable, and highly selective conversion of coal and coal/biomass derived syngas to gasoline and diesel. The use of domestic coal resources can be a significant primary energy source for liquid fuel production. The addition of biomass to coal has the potential to reduce the carbon footprint of CBTL processes to levels below petroleum-based fuel production processes.
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