Coal and Coal/Biomass to Liquids - Advanced Fuels Synthesis
Long-Term Environmental and Economic Impacts of Coal Liquefaction in China
Southern Research Institute
Project No.: FC26-06NT42804
Program Background and Project Benefits
The Department of Energy (DOE) is committed to supporting research focused on making use of the nation's coal and biomass resources. The Coal and Coal Biomass to Liquids (C&CBTL) Technology Program at DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is developing advanced technologies to remove technical barriers that will foster the commercial adoption of coal and coal/biomass gasification technologies for the production of affordable hydrogen and liquid fuels (such as gasoline, diesel, aviation, and military fuels). The hydrogen can be used in advanced systems for efficient power generation produced with near-zero emissions and with the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The synthesis gas (syngas) produced by the gasification of coal and coal/biomass mixtures can be converted by chemical processes to generate clean liquid hydrocarbon fuels. To successfully complete the development of C&CBTL technologies from the present state to the point of commercial readiness, the C&CBTL Program efforts are focused on two Key Technologies: (1) Coal/Biomass Feed and Gasification, and (2) Advanced Fuels Synthesis.
The Advanced Fuels Synthesis Key Technology is focused on catalyst and reactor optimization for producing liquid hydrocarbon fuels from coal/biomass mixtures, supports the development and demonstration of advanced separation technologies, and sponsors research on novel technologies to convert coal/biomass to liquid fuels. Also included are detailed life cycle analyses to quantify the technical, economic, and environmental feasibility of producing liquid fuels from coal/biomass feedstock.
West Virginia University is developing a working relationship with coal producers and users in China to better understand the development and implementation of direct coal liquefaction (DCL) and other clean coal technologies in China by supporting communication and collaboration between the US and China. This collaboration will ensure success in storing CO2 produced by DCL and other large CO2 sources in geologic formations and can positively influence the adoption of carbon management techniques in China. Successful implementation of a carbon storage project for the DCL plant has implications for carbon management for clean coal projects in China and throughout the world.
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