The objectives of this Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) and Delphi project are to develop new fuel processing approaches for using select alternative and renewable fuels - commercial diesel fuel and anaerobic digester gas (ADG) - in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) power generation systems, and to conduct integrated fuel processor-SOFC system tests to evaluate the performance of the fuel processors and overall systems.
This project assists the SOFCs program in meeting its cost and life targets by understanding the mechanisms that limit the reliability and durability of SOFC materials. The program will ultimately enable fuel cell-based near-zero emission coal plants with greatly reduced water requirements and the capability of capturing 97 percent or greater of carbon at costs not exceeding the typical cost of electricity available today. Achievement of this goal will have significant impact for the nation given the size of the market, expected growth in energy demand, and the age of the existing power plant fleet. It will also provide the technology base to enable grid-independent distributed generation applications. Federal funding support of this research is appropriate given the game changing nature of the technology, accompanied by risks higher than the private sector can accept.
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