CCS and Power Systems
Advanced Energy Systems - Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Operating on Alternative and Renewable Fuels
Performer: Pennsylvania State University
Project No: NT0004396
Program Background and Project Benefits
This project assists the SOFCs program in meeting its cost and life targets by understanding the mechanisms that limit the reliability and durability of SOFC materials. The program will ultimately enable fuel cell-based near-zero emission coal plants with greatly reduced water requirements and the capability of capturing 97 percent or greater of carbon at costs not exceeding the typical cost of electricity available today. Achievement of this goal will have significant impact for the nation given the size of the market, expected growth in energy demand, and the age of the existing power plant fleet. It will also provide the technology base to enable grid-independent distributed generation applications. Federal funding support of this research is appropriate given the game changing nature of the technology, accompanied by risks higher than the private sector can accept.