CCS and Power Systems
Advanced Energy Systems - Coal and Coal/Biomass to Liquids
Advanced Energy Systems - Fuels
Performer: NETL On-Site Research
Project No: FWP-2012.03.05
Project Scope and Technology Readiness Level
This project will use an &"Integrated Technology Development” approach to leverage top-down computational and experimental approaches focused on providing relevant techno-economic solutions to facilitate CBTL deployment. Targets of this research include:
- The development and assessment of novel process-level approaches to provide economical and clean CB-derived fuels, including novel management schemes for CBTL-based FT off-gases and integration of carbon management strategies.
- The assessment and optimization of integrated reactors systems, including thermocatalytic membrane reactors designed to overcome equilibrium limitations associated with CBTL.
- The development of stable, durable and highly active thermocatalytic materials and pathways for the selective production of affordable and clean energy commodities.
- The development of stable, highly permeable and selective separation techniques that can be easily integrated into the CBTL pathways.
Providing insight to the fundamental phenomena that will lead to the development of transformational materials, systems, and processes for CBTL technologies.
The overall technical approach will focus on the development of technologies that can be deployed to evaluate materials and systems in environments such as post-warm gas cleaning and integration into water-gas shift technologies. For example, materials developed and specimens will be evaluated in real syngas environment and realistic temperature and pressure conditions at every scale of development, rather than at the end of the development cycle. Continuous evaluation of materials and systems throughout the development cycle will allow for a more rapid assessment of promising technologies.
This three-year project is aimed at providing a design basis for robust separation modules based on previous work in metal membranes technology. To achieve this goal, computational study, laboratory study, and coupon/slip-stream exposure of candidate materials will be combined to: (1) understand the influence of minor and major gas constituents on surface catalytic activity; (2) understand surface stability in syngas environments; (3) understand bulk stability and bulk transport, which includes any effect of surface products; (4) apply the knowledge base to design and optimize a separation module; and (5) develop an understanding of opportunities for the integration of separation technologies to other unit operations.
In addition, the NETL-ORD will continue to leverage and expand its relationship with the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) and other Strategic Center for Coal Program partners (i.e. the University of Kentucky's Center for Applied Energy Research, the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center) in an effort to accelerate technology deployment, provide unbiased assessment of emerging technologies, and leverage internal expertise and facilities when opportunities exist.
The Technology Readiness Level (TRL) assessment identifies the current state of readiness of the key technologies being developed under the DOE’s Clean Coal Research Program. This project has not been assessed.
The TRL assessment process and its results including definition and description of the levels may be found in the "2012 Technology Readiness Assessment-Analysis of Active Research Portfolio".