CCS and Power Systems

Advanced Energy Systems - Coal and Coal/Biomass to Liquids


Advanced Energy Systems - Fuels


Performer: NETL On-Site Research

Project No: FWP-2012.03.05


Program Background and Project Benefits

The Department of Energy (DOE) is committed to supporting research focused on making use of the nation's coal and biomass resources. The Coal and Coal Biomass to Liquids (C&CBTL) Technology Program at DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is developing advanced technologies to remove technical barriers that will foster the commercial adoption of coal and coal/biomass gasification technologies for the production of affordable hydrogen and liquid fuels (such as gasoline, diesel, aviation, and military fuels). The hydrogen can be used in advanced systems for efficient power generation produced with near-zero emissions and with the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The synthesis gas (syngas) produced by the gasification of coal and coal/biomass mixtures can be converted by chemical processes to generate clean liquid hydrocarbon fuels. To successfully complete the development of C&CBTL technologies from the present state to the point of commercial readiness, the C&CBTL Program efforts are focused on two Key Technologies: (1) Coal/Biomass Feed and Gasification, and (2) Advanced Fuels Synthesis.

The Advanced Fuels Synthesis Key Technology is focused on catalyst and reactor optimization for producing liquid hydrocarbon fuels from coal/biomass mixtures, supports the development and demonstration of advanced separation technologies, and sponsors research on novel technologies to convert coal/biomass to liquid fuels. Also included are detailed life cycle analyses to quantify the technical, economic, and environmental feasibility of producing liquid fuels from coal/biomass feedstock.

This NETL Office of Research and Development (ORD) project will:

  • Determine the effectiveness of protective coatings and modified coatings on corrosion prevention and performance lifetime of hydrogen separation materials. The impact of this project will be to develop a cost-effective gasification-based CBTL process to produce renewable liquid fuels that will provide diversity of fuel supply and energy security while resulting in lower future capital and operating costs. Specifically this project will study various formulations of hydrogen separation alloys and light gas conversion catalysts focusing on coking and lifetime issues.
  • Evaluate various configurations of process models for methane-to-benzene conversions.  The impact of this project will be to develop a cost-effective gasification-based CBTL process to produce renewable liquid fuels that will provide diversity of fuel supply and energy security while resulting in lower future capital and operating costs. Specifically this project will collect laboratory data to validate the models developed for the process.
  • Explore the performance of H2 enrichment membranes at process relevant conditions as well as evaluate the chemical composition and applicability of products generated.  The impact of this project will be to develop a cost-effective gasification-based CBTL process to produce renewable liquid fuels that will provide diversity of fuel supply and energy security while resulting in lower future capital and operating costs. Specifically this project will provide compositional and performance analysis of chemicals, intermediates, and finished fuels generated by analytical tests conducted in a laboratory setting to validate performance of conversion materials.


Project Details