CCS and Power Systems

Advanced Energy Systems - Hydrogen Turbines

Development and Experimental Validation of Large-Eddy Simulation Techniques - Syngas Combustion

Performer: Regents of the University of Michigan

Project No: FE0007060

Project Description

The scope of this Univesity of Michigan computational effort addresses the development of a fully validated large-eddy simulation (LES)-modeling capability to predict unstable combustion of high hydrogen content (HHC) fuels. To incorporate effects of preferential diffusion, pressure variations, and variations in mixture composition, an unsteady flamelet-based LES combustion model will be extended. The integrated LES-validation effort includes (1) an a priori analysis of critical modeling assumptions using a Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) database of jet-in-cross-flow configurations, and (2) a posteriori model validation in LES application of a swirl-stabilized gas turbine combustor. The LES-combustion model will be used to develop detailed simulations to characterize facility-induced nonidealities in flow-reactor experiments. Effects arising from high-Reynolds number turbulence transition, mixture stratification, and other mechanisms associated with turbulence/ chemistry interaction on the autoignition behavior will be quantified through parametric calculations. The information gained from these efforts will be used to develop a low-order model that can be utilized for chemical-kinetics investigations and for guiding and improving future flow reactor designs in order to reduce facility effects.

The experimental effort includes high-pressure measurements of HHC fuel combustion in a dual-swirl gas turbine combustor, development of a comprehensive experimental database for LES model validation by considering stable and unstable gas turbine operating conditions, and obtaining improved understanding about fundamental combustion-physical mechanisms that control flame-holding, liftoff, and flashback for HHC fuels. A range of pressures, HHC fuel compositions, and equivalence ratios will be investigated experimentally.

Large-eddy simulation of a piloted partially-premixed burner, showing (a) experimental configuration,  (b) comparison of temperature fields between two operating conditions, (c) comparison of modeled and experimental probability density function of scalar field quantities (mixture fraction and oxidizer split variables), and (d) comparison of scalar profiles for carbon dioxide and hydroxyl.

Project Details