CCS Demonstrations

Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) -

Recovery Act: Hydrogen Energy California Project: Commercial Demonstration of Advanced IGCC with Full Carbon Capture

Performer: Hydrogen Energy California LLC

Project No: FE0000663

Program Background and Project Benefits

A need exists to further develop carbon management technologies that capture and store or beneficially reuse carbon dioxide (CO2) that would otherwise be emitted into the atmosphere from coal-based electric power generating facilities. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies offer great potential for reducing CO2 emissions and mitigating global climate change, while minimizing the economic impacts of the solution.

Under the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) Round 3 program, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is providing financial assistance, including funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009, to industry to demonstrate the commercial viability of technologies that will capture CO2 emissions and geologically store those emissions. Once demonstrated, the technologies can be readily considered in the commercial market-place by the electric power industry.

The project will be among the cleanest of any commercial solid fuel power plant built or under construction and will significantly exceed the emission reduction targets for 2020 established under the Energy Policy Act of 2005. In addition, emissions from the plant will be well below the California regulation requiring baseload plants to emit less greenhouse gases than comparably-sized natural gas combined cycle power plants. The CO2 captured by the project will enable geologic storage at a rate of approximately 2.6 million tonnes of CO2 per year and will increase domestic oil production.

Specific project benefits include:

  • Achieving approximately 90 percent CO2 capture efficiency.

  • Geologically storing approximately 2.6 million tonnes of CO2 per year while producing about 5 million barrels of oil per year.

  • Incorporating the beneficial use of CO2 for EOR and geologic storage. EOR brings economic and energy security benefits.

  • Meeting California’s increasing power demands by generating low-carbon hydrogen power.

  • Maximizing the use of local, non-potable brackish groundwater for all process and cooling needs will maintain area freshwater aquifers for agricultural use. All project wastewater will be directed to the 100 percent ZLD system, with the recovered water recycled for reuse in the process.

  • Providing a low carbon footprint for California’s key agricultural market and substantially lowering foreign imports of fertilizer to the U.S.

  • Boosting California’s economy by creating 2,500 local construction jobs and about 140 permanent operational positions.

The goal of the project is to design, build, and operate a greenfield, commercial scale, fully integrated, advanced IGCC power plant and fertilizer production facility with CCS in Kern County, California. The project is designed to achieve at least 90 percent CO2 capture efficiency while geologically storing approximately 2.6 million tonnes per year in an EOR application.

Project Details