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Annual Report: EPAct Complementary Program's Ultra-Deepwater R&D Portfolio and Unconventional Resources R&D Portfolio (30 September 2012)
Creators: none,; Rose, Kelly [NETL] [NETL]; Hakala, Alexandra [NETL] [NETL]; Guthrie, George [NETL] [NETL]
Description: This report summarizes FY13 research activities performed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Office of Research and Development (ORD), along with its partners in the Regional University Alliance (RUA) to fulfill research needs under the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct) Section 999�s Complementary Program. Title IX, Subtitle J, Section 999A(d) of EPAct 2005 authorizes $50 million per year of federal oil and gas royalties, rents and bonus payments for an oil and natural gas research and development effort, the Ultra-Deepwater and Unconventional Natural Gas and Other Petroleum Resources Research Program. Section 999 further prescribes four program elements for the effort, one of which is the Complementary Research Program that is to be performed by NETL. This document lays out the plan for the research portfolio for the Complementary Research Program, with an emphasis on the 2013 funding.
The Complementary Program consists of two research portfolios focused on domestic resources: (1) the Deepwater and Ultra-Deepwater Portfolio (UDW) (focused on hydrocarbons in reservoirs in extreme environments) and (2) the Unconventional Resources Portfolio (UCR) (focused on hydrocarbons in shale reservoirs). These two portfolios address the science base that enables these domestic resources to be produced responsibly, informing both regulators and operators. NETL is relying on a core Department of Energy-National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE-NETL) competency in engineered-natural systems to develop this science base, allowing leveraging of decades of investment.
NETL�s Complementary Research Program research portfolios support the development of unbiased research and information for policymakers and the public, performing rapid predictions of possible outcomes associated with unexpected events, and carrying out quantitative assessments for energy policy stakeholders that accurately integrate the risks of safety and environmental impacts. The objective of this body of work is to build the scientific understanding and assessment tools necessary to develop the confidence that key domestic oil and gas resources can be produced safely and in an environmentally sustainable way.
For the Deepwater and Ultra-Deepwater Portfolio, the general objective is to develop a scientific base for predicting and quantifying potential risks associated with exploration and production in extreme offshore environments. This includes: (1) using experimental studies to improve understanding of key parameters (e.g., properties and behavior of materials) tied to loss-of-control events in deepwater settings, (2) compiling data on spatial variability for key properties used to characterize and simulate the natural and engineered components involved in extreme offshore settings, and (3) utilizing findings from (1) and (2) in conjunction with integrated assessment models to model worst-case scenarios, as well as assessments of most likely scenarios relative to potential risks associated with flow assurance and loss of control. This portfolio and approach is responsive to key Federal-scale initiatives including the Ocean Energy Safety Advisory Committee (OESC). In particular, the findings and recommendations of the OESC�s Spill Prevention Subcommittee are addressed by aspects of the Complementary Program research. The Deepwater and Ultra-Deepwater Portfolio is also aligned with some of the goals of the United States- Department of the Interior (US-DOI) led Alaska Interagency Working Group (AIWG) which brings together state, federal, and tribal government personnel in relation to energy-related issues and needs in the Alaskan Arctic.
For the Unconventional Fossil Resources Portfolio, the general objective is to develop a sufficient scientific base for predicting and quantifying potential risks associated with the oil/gas resources in shale reservoirs that require hydraulic fracturing and/or other engineering measures to produce. The major areas of focus include: (1) improving predictions of fugitive methane and greenhouse gas emissions, (2) predicting the composition and volume of waters produced during shale gas development, (3) predicting subsurface fluid and gas migration, and (4) predicting subsurface phenomena (e.g., geophysical and geomechanical responses) using the application of field measurements and observations. The portfolio is building a general understanding of: (1) spatial variations in reservoir properties that impact risk, (2) wellbore integrity (particularly for pre-existing wellbores), (3) fracture propagation dynamics, (4) groundwater geochemistry and hydrogeology, and (5) air quality. This portfolio and approach is responsive to key Federal-scale initiatives including the Multi-Agency Collaboration on Unconventional Oil and Gas Research.
NETL: The First 100 Years
Description: The National Energy Technology Laboratory celebrates 100 years of innovative energy technology development.
The U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative
Description: Describes the U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative at NETL.
CO2-selective, Hybrid Membranes by Silation of Alumina
Creators: Luebke, D.R.; Pennline, H.W.
Description: Hybrid membranes are feasible candidates for the separation of CO2 from gas produced in coal-based power generation since they have the potential to combine the high selectivity of polymer membranes and the high permeability of inorganic membranes. An interesting method for producing hybrid membranes is the silation of an inorganic membrane. In this method, trichloro- or alkoxy-silanes interact with hydroxyl groups on the surface of γ-AlO3 or TiO2, binding organic groups to that surface. By varying the length of these organic groups on the organosilane, it should be possible to tailor the effective pore size of the membrane. Similarly, the addition of “CO2-phillic” groups to the silating agent allows for the careful control of surface affinity and the enhancement of surface diffusion mechanisms. This method of producing hybrid membranes selective to CO2 was first attempted by Hyun  who silated TiO2 with phenyltriethoxysilane. Later, Way  silated γ-AlO3 with octadecyltrichlorosilane. Both researchers were successful in producing membranes with improved selectivity toward CO2, but permeability was not maintained at a commercially applicable level. XPS data indicated that the silating agent did not penetrate into the membrane pores and separation actually occurred in a thin “polymer-like” surface layer. The present study attempts to
overcome the mass transfer problems associated with this technique by producing the desired monolayer coverage of silane, and thus develop a highly-permeable CO2-selective hybrid membrane.
Energy Savings- NETL Earth Day
Description: NETL provides definitions and examples of energy efficiency and energy conservation.
Strong Lithium Polysulfide Chemisorption on Electroactive Sites of Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Composites For High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Battery Cathodes
Creators: Song, Jiangxuan [Pennsylvania State Univ., State College, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering]; Gordin, Mikhail L. [Pennsylvania State Univ., State College, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering]; Xu, Terrence [Pennsylvania State Univ., State College, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering]; Chen, Shuru [Pennsylvania State Univ., State College, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering]; Yu, Zhaoxin [Pennsylvania State Univ., State College, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering]; Sohn, Hiesang [Pennsylvania State Univ., State College, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering]; Lu, Jun [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Div.]; Ren, Yang [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). X-ray Science Div.]; Duan, Yuhua [National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)]; Wang, Donghai [Pennsylvania State Univ., State College, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering]
Description: Despite the high theoretical capacity of lithium–sulfur batteries, their practical applications are severely hindered by a fast capacity decay, stemming from the dissolution and diffusion of lithium polysulfides in the electrolyte. A novel functional carbon composite (carbon-nanotube-interpenetrated mesoporous nitrogen-doped carbon spheres, MNCS/CNT), which can strongly adsorb lithium polysulfides, is now reported to act as a sulfur host. The nitrogen functional groups of this composite enable the effective trapping of lithium polysulfides on electroactive sites within the cathode, leading to a much improved electrochemical performance (1200 mAhg-1after 200 cycles). The enhancement in adsorption can be attributed to the chemical bonding of lithium ions by nitrogen functional groups in the MNCS/CNT framework. Furthermore, the micrometer-sized spherical structure of the material yields a high areal capacity (ca.6 mAhcm-2) with a high sulfur loading of approximately 5 mgcm-2, which is ideal for practical applications of the lithium–sulfur batteries.
Influence of biochar application methods on the phytostabilization of a hydrophobic soil contaminated with lead and acid tar
Creators: Edenborn, S.L. (ORCID:0000000263139064); Edenborn, H.M.; Krynock, R.M.; Haug, K.L. Zickefoose
Indium Oxide—Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Composite for Ethanol Sensing at Room Temperature
Creators: Ellis, James E.; Green, Uri; Sorescu, Dan C.; Zhao, Yong; Star, Alexander
Phase field modeling of microstructure evolution of electrocatalyst-infiltrated solid oxide fuel cell cathodes
Creators: Liang, Linyun [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA]; Li, Qun [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA]; Hu, Jiamian [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA]; Lee, Shiwoo [National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, West Virginia 26507, USA]; Gerdes, Kirk [National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, West Virginia 26507, USA]; Chen, Long-Qing [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA]
Use of Hydrophobic Particles as Kinetic Promoters for Gas Hydrate Formation
Creators: Wang, Jialin; Wang, Ruijia; Yoon, Roe-Hoan; Seol, Yongkoo
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