Exploration and Production Technologies

Friction Reduction for Microhole Coiled Tubing Drilling

DE-FC26-05NT15485

Project Goal
The project goal was to create a robust, economical microhole coiled tubing drilling (CTD) friction reduction system that will enable the drilling of wellbores with 2,000 ft or more of horizontal displacement in a 3½-inch wellbore without the use of any other downhole coiled tubing friction mitigation device.

Performer
CTES, Conroe, TX

Results
Selected Phase 1 results for this report period include the following:

  • The original technical approach (use of surface-applied vibration to mitigate downhole friction to enable drilling of long microhole horizontal wellbores without the use of downhole tractors) did mitigate a limited amount of downhole friction but was not economically feasible.
  • Researchers completed vibration test fixture fabrication and instrumentation.
  • “Free-ended” vibration energy tests were performed over a continuous frequency range of 20-60Hz for axial, torsional, lateral, and circular vibration modes.
  • Axial vibration modes provided for significantly better vibration energy transmission coefficients versus other modes. Notably, torsional vibrations yielded slightly better results than circular or lateral vibration.

Benefits
The primary benefits from this project were not achieved due to the limited amount of downhole friction that was ultimately mitigated via the application of surface vibration.

Background
A key barrier hindering increased utilization of CTD for inclined/horizontal wells is the cost of overcoming downhole friction when attempting to drill long (>2,000 feet) horizontal sections. When drilling these long laterals, the downhole friction forces reach such high levels that the drilling operation is stopped prematurely, or a costly downhole drilling tractor must be used to help pull the coiled tubing at the bottom of the well in order to continue drilling.

The current approach to reducing downhole friction involves the application of downhole vibrators or drilling tractors. Both of these technical approaches have significant limitations. Vibrating pipe to mitigate friction is a proven technology for conventional “jointed” drillpipe operations. However, CTD surface equipment is significantly different from that of a conventional drilling rig. This difference limits the ability to apply some of the existing types of vibration.

Summary
The project was to consist of two 12-month phases, with a Go/No Go decision point at the conclusion of the initial phase. Phase 1 work contains these major tasks: development of a software model to predict downhole vibration attenuation versus depth, engineering and construction of a vibration test fixture, testing and validation of the vibration attenuation model in the vibration test fixture, and conceptual design and optimization of a full-scale friction-reduction system. Phase 1 results indicated surface vibration helps mitigate downhole friction, but the amount of friction reduction was uneconomical in light of the additional equipment costs involved. As such, a No Go decision was chosen.

Current Status (December 2008)
The project completed all Phase 1 tasks by early second quarter 2006. As a result of the No Go decision at the conclusion of Phase 1, Phase 2 tasks will not be undertaken. The final report is available below under "Additional Information".

Funding
This project was selected in response to DOE’s Oil Exploration and Production solicitation DE-PS26-04NT15480 (August 2, 2004).

Project Start: April 1, 2005
Project End: March 31, 2007

Anticipated DOE Contribution: $293,060 Phase I only
Performer Contribution: $73,260 (20 percent of total)

Contact Information:
NETL - Virginia Weyland (virginia.weyland@netl.doe.gov or 918-699-2041)
CTES - Edward Smalley (ed.smalley@ctes.com or 936-521-2222)

Additional Information
Final Project Report [PDF-443KB]

Microhole coiled tubing drilling friction reduction in horizontal wellbores.

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