The objective of the project is to optimize the catalyst formulation, scale up catalyst synthesis and perform extensive lifetime activity testing with a wide variety of contaminants present in syngas derived from the co-gasification of coal and biomass.
The Department of Energy (DOE) is committed to supporting research focused on making use of the nation's coal and biomass resources. The Coal and Coal Biomass to Liquids (C&CBTL) Technology Program at DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is developing advanced technologies to remove technical barriers that will foster the commercial adoption of coal and coal/biomass gasification technologies for the production of affordable hydrogen and liquid fuels (such as gasoline, diesel, aviation, and military fuels). The hydrogen can be used in advanced systems for efficient power generation produced with near-zero emissions and with the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The synthesis gas (syngas) produced by the gasification of coal and coal/biomass mixtures can be converted by chemical processes to generate clean liquid hydrocarbon fuels. To successfully complete the development of C&CBTL technologies from the present state to the point of commercial readiness, the C&CBTL Program efforts are focused on two Key Technologies: (1) Coal/Biomass Feed and Gasification and (2) Advanced Fuels Synthesis. The Coal/Biomass Feed and Gasification Key Technology is advancing scientific knowledge of the production of liquid hydrocarbon fuels from coal and/or coal-biomass mixtures. Activities support research for handling and processing of coal/biomass mixtures, ensuring those mixtures are compatible with feed delivery systems, identifying potential impacts on downstream components, catalyst and reactor optimization, and characterizing the range of products and product quality. Liquid fuels produced from coal/biomass feedstock not only reduce the nation’s dependency on foreign oil but also are cleaner burning than comparable petroleum products. TDA Research will advance C/CBTL Feed and Gasification technology by developing cost-effective water-gas-shift catalysts which, in turn, will result in the enhancement of a coal biomass alternate liquids fuel option and thereby increase U.S. energy security.
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