Central Appalachian Basin Unconventional (Coal/Organic Shale) Reservoir Small Scale CO2 Injection Test


Proposed test site location near Buchanan<br/>County, VA and surrounding well locations.
Proposed test site location near Buchanan
County, VA and surrounding well locations.
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Website:  Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Award Number:  FE0006827
Project Duration:  10/01/2011 – 09/30/2016
Total Award Value:  $14,374,090.00
DOE Share:  $11,499,265.00
Performer Share:  $2,874,825.00
Technology Area:  Storage Infrastructure
Key Technology:  Fit-for-Purpose
Location:  Blacksburg, Virginia

Project Description

Virginia Tech is evaluating the long-term storage potential of CO2 in coal seams and organic shales by injecting up to 20,000 metric tons of CO2 into these unconventional reservoirs in central Appalachia. This project is designing and implementing characterization, injection, and monitoring activities to test unconventional formations (coal and organic shales) ability to store CO2 economically and safely as well as track the migration of CO2 throughout the injection and post-injection phases. In addition, this research will test the injectivity of CO2 into unmineable coal seams and the potential for enhanced coalbed methane recovery (ECBM) by stressing the coal under continuous CO2 injection for a period of one year.

Project Benefits

This injection project focuses on better defining the regional opportunities for storage in coal and shale formations and provides the foundation for larger volume projects in the Appalachian region. Specifically, this project is performing an enhanced coalbed methane injection test where up to 20,000 tons of CO2 will be injected into three legacy coalbed methane wells in Buchanan County, VA and a Huff and Puff test in a Devonian Shale gas well in Morgan County, TN where 500 tons of CO2 will be injected. Completion of the project will demonstrate safe and permanent storage of CO2.

Contact Information

Federal Project Manager 
Joshua Hull: joshua.hull@netl.doe.gov
Technology Manager 
Traci Rodosta: traci.rodosta@netl.doe.gov
Principal Investigator 
Michael Karmis: mkarmis@vt.edu

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