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Download Co-firing Biomass to Reduce the Environmental Footprint of Coal-fired Heat and Power: A Good Strategy?
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Date: 10/2/2013
Type: Presentation
Status: Active
NETL Contact: Timothy J. Skone, P.E.
Technology Focus Area(s):
Analysis Focus Area(s):
Author(s): Greg Cooney (Booz Allen Hamilton); Greg Schivley (Booz Allen Hamilton); James Littlefield (Booz Allen Hamilton); Joe Marriott (Booz Allen Hamilton); Matt Jamieson (Booz Allen Hamilton); Timothy J Skone (NETL)

Product Description
The use of biomass as a feedstock for co-fired electricity generation and heat production is attractive because it offers renewable energy derived from a domestically available feedstock and the potential for reductions in greenhouse gases and other environmental impacts. Drivers for the adoption of biomass-based power and heat include the anticipation of forthcoming GHG regulation, compatibility with existing industrial processes and electricity infrastructure, and other potential State or Federal policies. The overarching objective of this work is to gain a better understanding of the potential human health and environmental outcomes associated with the use of biomass in electricity generation and combined heat and power operations. Co-firing biomass with coal reduces GHG emissions but can increase some human health and ecosystem impacts. The type of biomass and the location where it is produced are important, making it difficult to generalize the results in all impact categories.