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Download Approaches to Developing a Cradle-to-Grave Life Cycle Analysis of Conventional Petroleum Fuels Produced in the U.S. with an Outlook to 2040
<< Return DOE/NETL-2016/1749

Date: 10/7/2015
Type: Presentation
Status: Active
NETL Contact: Timothy J. Skone, P.E.
Technology Focus Area(s):
Analysis Focus Area(s): Energy Security; GHG Mitigation; Market Analysis; Other Energy (non-FE)
Author(s): Timothy J Skone (NETL); Greg Cooney (Booz Allen Hamilton); Joe Marriott (Booz Allen Hamilton)

Product Description
The U.S. crude consumption mix has changed dramatically since the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) first performed a comprehensive LCA of petroleum derived fuels (NETL, 2008). According to the Energy Information Administration’s Annual Energy Outlook, domestic production will account for nearly 60% of U.S. crude consumption by 2015 (EIA, 2015). This study examines the life cycle GHG footprint of diesel, gasoline, and jet fuel projected to 2040. The results of this analysis encompass a cradle-to-grave inventory of GHG emissions by utilizing open-source models (Oil Production Greenhouse gas Emissions Estimator (OPGEE) and Petroleum Refinery Life Cycle Inventory Model (PRELIM)) paired with Monte Carlo simulation to account for changes to crude extraction, transport and refining as well as forecast uncertainty from the EIA Annual Energy Outlook (El-Houjeiri et al, 2013; Abella & Bergerson, 2012). Study results are documented in a forthcoming peer reviewed journal article.