Title: Near-Term Opportunities for Integrating Biomass into the U.S. Electricity Supply: Technical Considerations
Publication Number: RAND TR984
Publication Date: 08/2011
Publication Type: Report/Publication
Contact: Timothy Skone
Program/Technology: Climate Change
Environmental & Water
Author: David S. Ortiz (RAND)
Aimee E. Curtright (RAND)
Constantine Samaras (RAND)
Synopsis: In light of potential regulatory limits on greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions, requirements for greater use of renewable fuels, and higher prices for some conventional fossil resources, over the course of the next few decades, biomass is expected to become an increasingly important source of electricity, heat, and liquid fuel. One near-term option for using biomass to generate electricity is to cofire biomass in coal-fired electricity plants. Doing so allows such plants to reduce GHG emissions and, in appropriate regulatory environments, to generate renewable-energy credits to recover costs. This report focuses on two aspects of biomass use: plant-site modifications, changes in operations, and costs associated with cofiring biomass; and the logistical issues associated with delivering biomass to the plant. The authors find that the main challenge is maintaining a consistent fuel supply; technical and regulatory factors can drive the decision to cofire; cofiring can increase costs, decrease revenue, and reduce GHG emissions; densification does not reduce plant costs but can reduce transportation costs, however current markets cannot support use of densified fuels. This study was sponsored by the National Energy Technology Laboratory. The report is available on the RAND web-site at ATTENTION: By clicking the link, you are leaving a U.S. Government website.
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