Hydrogen Turbines

The U.S. Department of Energy has sponsored a program to develop hydrogen-fueled gas turbine technology for coal-based integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power generation that will improve efficiency, reduce emissions, lower costs, and allow for carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS). DOE has broadened this development effort, along with expanding applicability to industrial applications such as refineries and steel mills under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). ARRA funding will be utilized to facilitate a set of gas turbine technology advancements that will improve the efficiency, emissions, and cost performance of turbines with industrial CCUS. ARRA industrial technology acceleration, application, and adaptation will also benefit the advanced hydrogen turbine development and existing machines in typical utility applications.

Turbine systems and components targeted for improvement include combustor technology, materials research, enhanced cooling technology, and coatings development. These technologies are considered key components of hydrogen turbines, which, along with other Advanced Energy System technologies, will combine to develop next generation of high efficiency coal-based power systems.

The Hydrogen Turbine technology area is striving to show that the U.S. can operate on coal-based hydrogen fuel power, increase combined cycle efficiency over the baseline, and reduce carbon dioxide and other emissions by 2015.

Hydrogen Turbine Goals:

The Hydrogen Turbine Program is focused on further advancements to turbine technology to attain the ultimate performance targets for IGCC power plants with CCUS. Thus, by 2015, the program plans to demonstrate:

  • Hydrogen-fueled turbines with 3-5 percentage points improvement in combined cycle efficiency (total above baseline).
  • Competitive cost of electricity for near-zero emission systems
  • Hydrogen-fueled IGCC with 2 ppm NOx at the power plant exhaust

Hydrogen Turbines Projects