Current Syngas Capacity by Region
Summary: China, with its substantial growth
in recent years, has become the dominant syngas-producing country in
the world. China now has 56 operating gasification plants with about 29%
of the worldwide capacity and has surpassed South Africa's Sasol, which
accounts for 20% of world gasification capacity.
The 2010 Worldwide Gasification database shows that existing world gasification capacity has grown to 70,817 MWth
of syngas output from 144 operating plants and 412 gasifiers.
Gasification plants are now operating in 29 countries. Based on current
operating plants, Asia/Australia is now the leading region in the
world, followed by Africa/Middle East. The European region – including
both Western and Eastern Europe (former Soviet Bloc countries) – is
the third largest, followed by North America. Central/South America has
very limited existing capacity. These rankings were the same in 2007.
World Gasification Operating Capacity – by Region
As shown in the "World Gasification Operating Capacity – by
Region" chart, the Asia/Australia region has a 37% share of the present
world gasification capacity, with a syngas capacity of 26,418 MWth.
The Asia/Australia region is still the leading region in the
world for syngas production. The large majority of the operating
plants are in China (56). Multiple plants are also found in India,
Japan, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan.
The Africa/Middle East region has a syngas capacity of 25,138
MWth, a 36% share of the present world gasification capacity. The new
world-scale integrated Pearl gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant that has been
under construction in Qatar is expected to begin the first phase of
operation at the end of 2010. The plant has 18 Shell gasifiers and a
syngas capacity of 10,936 MWth. South Africa’s Sasol II and Sasol III
plants produce clean fuels from coal using 80 coal gasifiers. Sasol, in
total, has 20% of the world capacity for syngas. In Egypt, the Suez
ammonia plant with three gasifiers began operation in 1966 using
refinery residues and off-gases.
The European region has a syngas capacity of 11,422 MWth,
a 16% share of the world gasification capacity. With 42 operating
gasification plants, the European region is the most diverse in terms
of feedstocks, technologies, and products. Five of the most recently
built European gasification facilities primarily use petroleum-based
feedstocks to produce power, and there are three coal-based IGCC
facilities. Twenty five gasification plants produce chemicals, nine
from natural gas, and 15 use petroleum. Nine plants use biomass/waste
feedstock, four to produce power, and five for chemical production.
North America currently has a syngas capacity of 7,191 MWth,
a 10% share of the world total. Virtually all of this activity
resides in the United States, where 18 gasification-based plants are
- Nine natural gas facilities primarily produce chemicals.
- Five plants are fed by coal and/or petroleum coke – two produce
power, two produce chemicals and fertilizers, and one produces
substitute natural gas. These include: two IGCC power plants – sg
Solutions' Wabash River Gasification and the Tampa Electric Polk Power
Station's 250-MW IGCC unit – built during the 1990s; the Eastman
Chemical's Kingsport Integrated Coal Gasification Facility, a
coal-to-chemicals plant; Coffeyville Resources Nitrogen Fertilizers
includes a petroleum coke gasification facility; and Dakota
Gasification's Great Plains Synfuels Plant, the only plant in the world
producing pipeline quality synthetic natural gas (SNG).
- Four petroleum-based liquids plants produce chemicals or syngas for resale.
- In Canada, Long Lake – an integrated oil sands operation – uses
gasification to produce hydrogen, steam, and power to upgrade
synthetic crude oil extracted from the tar sands.
The database results show that the Central/South American region has a syngas capacity of just 648 MWth,
a 1% share of the world gasification capacity. Two petroleum-fed plants
are currently operational in Brazil and the Dominican Republic,
producing chemicals and gaseous fuels.
The regional distributions are further disaggregated by nation and can be seen here.