Current Syngas Capacity by Nation
One natural gas plant produces chemicals.
Fifty-six operating plants now convert coal and petroleum residues
into a variety of chemicals, fertilizers, and gaseous fuels.
Twenty-two of these plants use GE Energy gasifiers, 21 use Shell, eight
use ECUST, three use Sasol Lurgi, and one uses GTI. Forty-two of
these plants use coal as feedstock, 13 use liquid feedstocks, and one
uses natural gas. The IGCC at China's Fujian Refinery is operating.
Five petroleum-based plants produce chemicals.
Five plants with petroleum, petcoke, and coal feedstocks produce
chemicals. Two plants – one petroleum and one coal – produce power.
Nippon Petroleum Refining Company built a power-producing plant in 2003
at their Negishi refinery. The Nakoso IGCC plant started up in late 2007
and uses coal as the feedstock and a Mitsubishi-designed gasifier.
One natural gas plant produces motor fuels.
Two petroleum residue plants produce chemicals and power.
Three petroleum residue and naphtha plants produce chemicals and fertilizers.
Two petroleum residue and naphtha plants produce chemicals.
The Suez Ammonia Plant with three gasifiers began operation in 1966 using refinery residues and off-gases.
The Pearl GTL plant is expected to begin the first phase of operation at the end of 2010. The plant has 18 Shell gasifiers.
Sasol II and Sasol III plants produce clean fuels from coal using 80 advanced Lurgi gasifiers.
Of the two gasification based facilities, one petroleum-based plant
produces chemicals, and the other, the Vresova IGCC Plant, in 2008
added a Siemens gasifier to use the tars, oils, and phenol concentrates
resulting from the gasification of lignite in its other 26 (13
operating) gasifiers, to also produce power.
One new plant, which began operation in 2008, uses Carbona/GTI to gasify biomass/waste to produce power.
Three plants that began operation between 1983 and 2001 produce
gaseous fuels and power and use biomass/wastes as their primary
feedstock. The Oulu syngas plant began operation in 1965 and gasifies
petroleum to produce chemicals.
Two plants (one coal-based and one using natural gas) are in operation and produce chemicals.
Two natural gas plants produce chemicals.
Twelve plants are in operation, one using biomass/wastes to
produce gaseous fuel, 10 petroleum-based, and one using natural gas, to
Six plants are operating, with four plants using refinery residues
as feedstock to generate electricity in combined-cycle plants and to
produce hydrogen for refinery use. Two older plants built in 1958 and
1963 use natural gas to produce chemicals.
Three plants are operating, with two having global significance.
The Nuon Buggenum coal-based IGCC plant began operations in 1994. The
second plant is a petroleum residue facility at the Shell Pernis
Refinery in Rotterdam that began operations in 1997 and produces power,
steam, and hydrogen for use in the refinery. A third plant gasifies
demolition wood to generate power.
One biomass plant produces gaseous fuels and one petroleum-based plant produces chemicals.
The Puertollano IGCC Plant gasifies coal and petcoke for power and one natural gas plant produces chemicals.
Two biomass plants produce power and gaseous fuels and one petroleum-based plant produces chemicals.
Two natural gas plants produce chemicals.
Long Lake – an integrated oil sands operation – uses
gasification to produce hydrogen, steam, and power to upgrade synthetic
crude oil extracted from the tar sands.
Nine natural gas facilities primarily produce chemicals mainly using GE gasifiers.
Five plants are fed by coal and/or petroleum coke. Two produce
power, two produce chemicals and fertilizers, and one produces
substitute natural gas.
- Two IGCC power plants:
- sg Solutions' Wabash River Gasification (E-gas gasifiers) using petcoke
- Tampa Electric Polk Power Station's using GE coal gasification 250-MW IGCC unit
- The Eastman Chemical's Kingsport Integrated Coal Gasification Facility (using GE gasifiers) coal-to-chemicals plant.
- Coffeyville Resources Nitrogen Fertilizers includes petroleum coke gasification in GE gasifiers.
- Dakota Gasification's Great Plains Synfuels Plant, using Lurgi
gasifiers to gasify lignite – the only plant in the world producing
pipeline quality SNG.
- Four petroleum-based liquids plants produce chemicals or syngas for resale.
Petroleum-fed plants to produce ammonia and gaseous fuels using Shell gasifiers.
Petroleum-fed plant using Shell gasifers to produce chemicals and gaseous fuels.