Advanced Fuels Synthesis

The Advanced Fuels Synthesis Key Technology is focused on catalyst and reactor optimization for producing liquid hydrocarbon fuels from syngas resulting from gasification of coal-biomass mixtures.  It supports the development and demonstration of advanced separation technologies, and sponsors research on novel technologies for liquid fuels synthesis, and for characterization of the range of products and product quality.

Fischer-Tropsch fuels synthesis

The Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) reaction converts a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, called syngas, into liquid hydrocarbons. These projects are advancing F-T technology for converting syngas derived from gasification of coal and coal-biomass mixtures to hydrocarbons in coal-to-liquids and coal-biomass to liquids processes and are evaluating the impacts of the addition of biomass to coal on product characteristics, carbon foot print, and economics.

Other fuels synthesis (not Fischer-Tropsch)

Altex is working to demonstrate the feasibility of producing liquid fuels from coal containing up to 15 percent lignocellulosic biomass.

Conversion of coal or coal/biomass mixtures to jet fuel

The following advanced coal-to-liquids R&D projects are being conducted to provide pathways forward to lead to the commercial production of coal-derived jet fuel that; has lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions less than or equal to conventional petroleum-based jet fuel production, is cost-competitive with conventional petroleum-based jet fuel, and uses U.S. mined coal or coal refuse as at least fifty-one (51) percent of the input feedstock on a BTU basis; i.e., higher heating value (HHV):  

Advanced Hydrogen Membranes

NETL's Office of Research and Development (ORD) is providing support to the Fossil Energy (FE) program efforts in the deployment of coal and biomass to liquid technologies through a diverse set of research activities  that will surpass both the greenhouse gases footprint and economic standards of conventional processes. Activities include high-level assessments of power, aromatic, olefin, and industrial chemical markets to assess the best products to target in a polygeneration approach; performance and techno-economic assessments of the most promising polygeneration technologies to evaluate deployment at the plant level; and discovery work aimed at developing transformational chemistries, materials, reactors, and chemical processes to advance the efficiency and economics of polygeneration approaches.

Amorphous Alloy Membrane Fabrication

Liquefaction plant feasibility/impacts

The objective of this project is to determine the economic, technical, and financial feasibility of a coal-biomass-to-liquids facility in southern West Virginia and will include a market analysis for CBTL fuel.

Water-gas shift

TDA Research is working to advance coal biomass alternate liquids by developing cost-effective water-gas-shift catalysts.

Systems and Industry Analysis
As part of the support for the Coal and Coal-Biomass to Liquids key technology area, systems studies are being conducted to provide unbiased comparisons of competing technologies, determine the best way to integrate process technology steps, and predict the economic and environmental impacts of successful development.

Recently Completed Projects:

The other key technology within Coal and Coal-Biomass to Liquids:

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