2014 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Project Portfolio

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells are energy conversion devices that produce electric power through an electrochemical reaction rather than by combustion. A transformational technology, SOFC’s inherent characteristics make them uniquely suitable to address the environmental, climate change and water concerns associated with fossil-fuel-based electric power generation. The Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Program is developing low-cost, highly efficient solid oxide fuel cell power generation systems that produce electric power from natural gas or coal with carbon capture capabilities.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Project Portfolio
The Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Project Portfolio provides an overview of the SOFC Program, including a description of key technology areas, information on projects, location map, and contact information for personnel supporting the SOFC Program.

The SOFC Program maintains a diversified portfolio of R&D projects to address the technical challenges and ensure a high-probability of achieving the desired cost and performance targets. The strategy includes a mix of near-, mid-, and long-term R&D projects as well as laboratory, proof-of-concept, and pilot-scale projects to foster the advancement of SOFC technologies for deployment in diverse applications, including those fueled by coal-derived syngas or natural gas, which meet or exceed the targets for efficiency, cost, and carbon capture. The Program’s RD&D efforts are channeled through three key technologies: Anode-Electrolyte-Cathode Development, Atmospheric Pressure Systems, and Pressurized Systems. The R&D element of the program is within the AEC Development key technology whereas the Atmospheric Pressure Systems and Pressurized Systems key technologies focus on the development of SOFC power systems.

Anode-Electrolyte-Cathode Development
The research efforts in the Anode-Electrolyte-Cathode Development key technology focus on substantially improving the electrochemical performance and cell power density, reducing cell and stack degradation, and improving durability and reliability of cells and stacks.

Atmospheric Pressure Systems
The focus of the Atmospheric Pressure Key Technology is on the design, scale-up, and integration of cell technology into modules to serve as the building blocks for atmospheric pressure SOFC Power Systems. Activities include fabrication, testing, post-test analysis of cells, integrating cells into stacks, and the development and validation testing of progressively larger stacks and modules to meet performance, reliability, endurance, and cost metrics.

Pressurized Systems
The Pressurized Systems key technology is developing a deeper understanding on the behavior of the state-of-the-art SOFC material set under pressurized operation; quantifying the effects of pressure on cell performance, reliability, and degradation; and identifying and resolving the operational issues associated with pressurizing the SOFC stack. Efforts also include the design, scale-up, and integration of cell technology into modules to serve as the building blocks for pressurized SOFC Power Systems, fabrication, testing, and post-test analysis of cells, integrating cells into stacks, and the development and validation testing of progressively larger stacks and modules to meet performance, reliability, endurance, and cost metrics.

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