crosscutting research

The Crosscutting Research program serves as a bridge between basic and applied research by fostering R&D in sensors and controls, modeling and simulation, and high performance materials. These activities target enhanced availability and cost reduction for advanced power systems. The Crosscutting program facilitates its R&D efforts through collaboration with other government agencies, large and small businesses, and universities.

The Crosscutting Research program develops tools, supports research, and sponsors science and engineering education designed to contribute to, and encourage, greater synergy among disciplines and across each of the Clean Coal Research Program (CCRP) core technology areas. Its mission space is bound by investments in innovative sensor and control technology; advanced materials; innovative, application-focused modeling and simulation tools; and university training and research that reinforce the education of students at U.S. universities and colleges with emphasize on longer-term research in the area of fossil energy science.

The Crosscutting Research program is comprised of the following Technology Areas:


Crosscutting research

Sensors, Controls, and Novel Concepts

Focus includes developing harsh-environment sensors, predictive control modeling, a low cost sensor network, and distributed intelligent control architecture. Collectively, these efforts will yield new classes of sensors and measurement capabilities to enable low cost robust monitoring of advanced power plants and employ novel control strategies.



Major Demonstrations

Simulation Engineering

This technology area represents a vast amount of expertise and capability to computationally represent the full range of energy science from reactive and multiphase flows up to a full-scale virtual and interactive power plant. Science-based models of the physical phenomenon occurring in fossil fuel conversion processes and development of multi-scale, multi-physics simulation capabilities are just some of the tools and capabilities under this technology area.

MFIX


High Performance Materials

Focuses on computational materials modeling, structural and functional performance materials and a predictive materials modeling and computational framework. HPM&M research cuts across many scientific and technological disciplines to address materials requirements for all fossil energy systems, including innovative advanced power systems.


The National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP)

The NRAP initiative centers on science-based prediction for engineered–natural systems applicable to the long-term storage of carbon dioxide (CO2). The primary objective of NRAP is to develop a defensible, science-based methodology and platform for quantifying risk profiles at most types of CO2 storage sites to guide decision making and risk management. This computationally intensive effort uses available data to validate models that range from the core to field and basin scale, and incorporate near-term and long-term phenomena.


Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative (CCSI)

The CCSI initiative is actively developing and deploying state-of-the-art computational modeling and simulation tools to accelerate the commercialization of carbon capture technologies from discovery to development, demonstration, and ultimately the widespread deployment of carbon capture technologies.


Water Management R&D

Water is a vital resource that is inextricably linked to the quality of our lives and the demand continues to struggle with the interconnectivity of water use and consumption. The role water plays in the generation of power is well documented and National efforts are underway to minimize the demand on water. In concert with the Water-Energy Nexus initiative, the challenge for this initiative centers on reducing water use and consumption for thermoelectric power generation.


Innovative Energy Concepts

Innovative Energy Concepts is concerned with the development of innovative cost-effective technologies that promote efficiency, environmental performance, availability of advanced energy systems, and the development of computational tools that shorten development timelines of advanced energy systems. This area provides for fundamental and applied research in innovative concepts with a 10-25 year horizon that offers the potential for technical breakthroughs and step change improvements in power generation and the removal of any environmental impacts from fossil energy-based power system.

University Training and Research

Supports science and engineering education at major universities (University Coal Research) and in minority colleges (Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions) to maintain and upgrade the coal research capabilities and facilities of U.S. colleges and universities; and support the education of students in the area of coal science through grants to U.S. colleges and universities that emphasize longer-term research. The university research emphasis is on student participation in supporting all key fossil-energy technology efforts.

University Coal Research (UCR) | Historical Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Education & Training


Environmental Control

Based on a legacy program that encompassed the development of advanced mercury and NOx emissions control technologies, coal utilization byproduct (CUB) research, to CO2 emissions control for existing plants and Water-Energy Interface R&D. This area made significant contributions to lowering the environmental impact of coal based power systems. Efforts are underway to analyze the future impacts of water for advanced power systems and how R&D can address these pending issues.

CO2 Emissions Control | Energy & Water Interface | Mercury Control |
Solid Waste | NOx Control | Air Quality Research | Particulate Control


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