Government Support For Carbon Capture and Storage

Is the Federal Government supporting the deployment of CCS technologies?

Report of the Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage

Yes, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched its Carbon Capture and Storage Program in 1997. Consistent with Administration and Congressional priorities, CCS continues to be a key element of DOE’s R&D portfolio. Implemented by the National Energy Technology Laboratory within DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy (FE), the program is playing a lead role in CCS technology development and has made significant advances in the development of a broad range of effective and economically viable technologies. The overall objective of the Carbon Storage Program is to develop and advance CCS technologies that will be ready for widespread commercial deployment by 2020.

To accomplish widespread deployment, four program goals have been established: (1) develop technologies that can separate, capture, transport, and store CO2 using either direct or indirect systems that result in a less than 10 percent increase in the cost of energy by 2015; (2) develop technologies that will support industries’ ability to predict CO2 storage capacity in geologic formations to within ±30 percent by 2015; (3) develop technologies to demonstrate that 99 percent of injected CO2 remains in the injection zones by 2015; (4) complete Best Practices Manuals (BPMs) for site selection, characterization, site operations, and closure practices by 2020. Only by accomplishing these goals will CCS technologies be ready for safe, effective commercial deployment both domestically and abroad beginning in 2020 and through the next several decades.

The Carbon Storage Program directly supports the Interagency Task Force on CCS. The Interagency Task Force on CCS, comprised of 14 Executive Departments and Federal Agencies, delivered a series of recommendations to President Obama in August 2010 for overcoming the barriers to the widespread, cost-effective deployment of CCS within 10 years.

Myth: Little is being done by the Federal government to advance CCS technologies.
Reality: DOE has had an extensive CCS research program underway for more than a decade. There is considerable cost share from private entities as well. In August 2010, the Interagency Task Force on CCS sent recommendations to President Obama that will serve to move this technology towards commercialization.
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