Washington, D.C. — The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has released the latest DOE/NETL Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage RD&D Roadmap. Prepared by NETL’s Innovations for Existing Plants and Carbon Sequestration Programs, the roadmap [PDF-5MB] provides an overview of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) efforts to supply cost-effective, advanced technologies to capture and store carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal-based power systems. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a key element in national efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change.
NETL implements the Office of Fossil Energy’s Clean Coal Research Program, which focuses on the integrated development of CCS technologies to affordably and efficiently sequester CO2 from coal-based power plants. The program is developing the advanced technology platforms needed to prove that CCS can be a viable climate change mitigation strategy, thus ensuring that coal, a secure and affordable domestic energy resource, remains available to power a sustainable economy.
A portfolio of technologies is being pursued to mitigate the risks inherent to RD&D efforts. As outlined in the roadmap, the Clean Coal Research Program integrates advances and lessons learned from fundamental research, technology development, and large-scale demonstration. DOE envisions having an array of advanced CCS technologies ready by 2020 for large-scale demonstration that will provide safe, cost-effective carbon management to meet national goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The success of DOE research and related program activities will enable CCS technologies to overcome a multitude of economic, social, and technical challenges including—
- Successful integration of CO2 capture, compression, transport, and storage technologies with power generation systems.
- Effective CO2 monitoring and verification.
- Permanence of underground CO2 storage.
- Public acceptance.
Through these advances, the United States will continue to have access to safe, reliable, and affordable energy from fossil fuels.